Aside from a handful of locations around the country, there are no local opportunities for the vast majority of PhD students to learn about glycobiology. A search on NIH Reporter for T32 grants with "glycobiology” reveals two grants (one NCI for cancer cell biology, one NIGMS for pharmacology). Neither of these grants are focused upon glycobiology. In fact, glycobiology is essentially never integrated into any standard medical school PhD program curriculum, and only a few specialized courses (requiring travel) exist which are predominantly
technique-oriented. Unfortunately, the exclusive nature of these opportunities inadvertently perpetuate the view that glycobiology is an impenetrable niche field best left to the specialist.