(@stephen.fortmann)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Addressing the population-level determinants of CVD

Atherosclerotic CVD is an epidemic disease that is determined primarily by the social and physical environments acting in part through risk factor distributions. To date most preventive efforts have been in the clinical setting, using medications for risk factors. As useful as this is, a much better solution is to deal with the behavioral contributors to risk and their social determinants, including strong destructive ...more »

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7 net votes
22 up votes
15 down votes
Active
(@kerickson)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Do Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency and Cystic Fibrosis Inform COPD? Have we been looking?

Cystic fibrosis (CF) and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) share phenotypic features with common COPD including airflow obstruction and airway mucociliary dysfunction. Although research in CF and AATD has advanced our understanding of those rare diseases, it has yet to explain common COPD. Do Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency and Cystic Fibrosis Inform COPD? Could therapies currently in use or under development for ...more »

Voting

22 net votes
24 up votes
2 down votes
Active
(@flogerfo)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the fundamental molecular mechanisms involved in the vascular response to interventional or surgical injuries?

The pathobiology of restenosis is intimal hyperplasia, a specific form of wound healing. This response to physical injury is essential to prevent hemorrhage and thus has evolved to be highly sensitive, intense, resilient and redundant. It involves a complex interplay between blood elements, endothelial integrity, leukocytes, macrophages, fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Modifying this multipronged response has proven ...more »

Voting

2 net votes
14 up votes
12 down votes
Active
(@sicklecellwarrior)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Mental health and wellness in sickle cell disease

A growing concern among the sickle cell community surrounds the lack of mental health and wellness services. Many in the community deal with anxiety and depression. It is well known how intricately connected mental and physical health are. So if we know that stress can trigger a psychological crisis which in turn triggers a physical pain crisis, why do we not automatically include mental health services within patient ...more »

Voting

25 net votes
38 up votes
13 down votes
Active
(@csaper)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the biological consequences of sleep loss or disruption and how can they best be avoided?

Arousals in obstructive sleep apena (OSA) are life saving, but the associated disruption of sleep is now thought to cause cognitive impairment, increased risk of high blood pressure and atherosclerosis, as well as glucose intolerance and metabolic syndrome. The mechanisms for these downstream effects, however, are not well understood. Can these specific pathophysiological mechanisms be identified, and can ways for mitigating ...more »

Voting

96 net votes
125 up votes
29 down votes
Active
(@rockson)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

To expand the NHLBI emphasis on lymphatic research

The critical challenge is to acknowledge the central circulatory role of the lymphatic system and its requisite ability to provide integration of the circulation with the immune system. The NHLBI is challenged to provide programs, resources and education to stimulate and encourage increasing research into the function and the dysfunction of the lymphatics in human health and disease

Voting

5 net votes
12 up votes
7 down votes
Active
(@pyang0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Congential heart defects in diabetic pregnancies: a devastating reality

There is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms underlying diabetes-induced congenital heart defects (CHDs) through basic science research and biomarker identification in human maternal circulation. Majority of the current research in CHDs is related to genetic analyses; however, environmental factors contribute to the majority of human CHDs, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. There is 60 million worldwide ...more »

Voting

22 net votes
22 up votes
0 down votes
Active
(@arashkheradvar)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Heart Valve Engineering from Basic Science to Translation

Heart valve disease is third cardiac condition in the U.S.affecting 2.5% of adult population. There are multiple questions with regard to heart valve engineering from basic science to translation. Many unknowns exist related to calcification and its potential mechanisms in transcatheter heart valve (THV), for example, due to stent crimping that can critically affect the valve durability. This is particularly important ...more »

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5 net votes
15 up votes
10 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Translational Bioinformatics Spanning Multiple Scales of Biologic Complexity to Implement Precision Pulmonary Medicine at the Po

What translational bioinformatics tools could be used in pulmonary medicine to allow multidimensional, multi-scale modeling of clinical and biomolecular data to assist clinical decision-making?

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-2 net votes
10 up votes
12 down votes
Active