Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@jlaakso)

Hormonal influences on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for both men and women worldwide. It has been established that post-menopausal women have decreased protection from ASCVD relative to premenopausal women and men. However, the hormonal basis of protection (or lack thereof) is not clear.

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@efimov)

NHLBI Cardiovascular Engineering Strategy

Most impressive and impactful advances in CV diagnostics and therapies came in the last 50 years from CV engineering, including implantable devices and imaging technology. CV engineers are developing next breakthrough technology including tissue engineering and flexible electronics. However, organizational structure of NIH does not have an entity responsible for strategic development of CV engineering. NIBIB does not ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

New ideas from drug-induced cardiotoxicity

What are the fundamental mechanisms of drug, chemical, or biologics-induced cardiotoxicity (e.g., which proteins or signaling targets are most vulnerable)? Would such knowledge lead to understanding of the most critical signaling systems and contribute to development of new therapeutic (cardioprotective) strategies?

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@hcai00)

RFA on EC-cardiomyocyte interactions in the mechanisms and treatments of cardiovascular diseases

Often under recognized, the cardiac endothelial cells are highly abundant in the heart, and may have important roles in modulating cardiac function, besides simply serving as structural component of blood vessels. Evidences of ours and others have indicated an emerging role of cardiac endothelial cells signaling to cardiomyocytes to mediate important pathophysiological responses. Nonetheless, detailed mechanisms of ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@jalees)

Balancing Risks and Benefits: How Do Clinical Guidelines in Cardiovascular Medicine Promote the Health of an Individual?

Much of the hopes for precision medicine (as outlined Dr. Dr. Collins) are based on deriving large amounts of genomic, proteomic, epigenomic and metabolomic data on large cohorts of patients. It will take decades to build these cohorts and even more time to analyze them and derive specific conclusions on how these will help individualize treatments. However, there is a pressing need for how to individualize contemporary ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@roy.wallen)

Early prediction of cardiovascular disease by primary-care assessment

Tools for early assessment of cardiovascular disease have become available but not adopted in primary-care settings. Increased arterial stiffness is a well-known marker for advanced cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has been shown to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. In addition, arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) has been readily accepted as a measure of arterial stiffness. Despite significant ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@mboutjdir)

Relevance of cardiovascular disease associated with autoimmunity research

NIH estimates up to 23.5 million Americans suffer from autoimmune disease (AD) and up to 24 million from heart diseases. As a result, NIH and AHA estimates the annual direct health care costs for AD to be in the range of $100 billion and $200 billion for heart and stroke diseases. Yet this area of research has been neglected and underfunded. The proposition is for NHLBI to partner with other NIH institutes dealing with ...more »

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