Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Vasopressin layered on to norepinephrine treatment for septic shock

We know that vasopressin layered on to norepinephrine treatment for septic shock tends to produce better outcomes (VASST trial, Russell et al) than norepinephrine alone. We still need to know if norepinephrine should be first line or if vasopressin should be first line (and perhaps monotherapy) for septic shock.

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Interventions to Reduce Low-Value Care

In 2010, the IOM issued a report stating that waste accounted for 30% of health-care spending, or some $750 billion dollars annually, approximately 25 times the annual NIH budget. How can we address and avoid waste and low-value care? Like any complex problem, there are myriad causes and no simple solutions. Defensive medicine, financial incentives, and physician knowledge deficits all contribute and represent potential ...more »

Submitted by (@rollmanbl)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Predicting COPD exacerbations and relapse

What measures other than PFT data can be used to predict risk of 1) COPD exacerbations (e.g., hospitalization, urgent care visit, or ED visit for COPD exacerbation) or 2) relapse (e.g., re-hospitalization, urgent care visit, or ED visit) following hospital discharge after treatment of COPD exacerbations?

Submitted by (@k.willard)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the molecular mechanisms of lung injury, and how do they differ in children?

Both adults and children have significant morbidity and mortality due to lung injury, but have different etiologies and outcomes. It is possible that the underlying pathobiology in the two groups is different. There are no targeted therapies for lung injury, indicating that the cause is still not understood.

Submitted by (@rft2106)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Improving Community-Based Care for Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle cell treatment centers are located throughout the United States, primarily in urban areas, and play an invaluable role. However, there is a critical need to identify and educate primary care providers who can provide routine and preventive care, but will also know when to consult with/refer to hematologists and other appropriate providers when necessary.

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Postoperative respiratory failure

Ventilating patients in the operating room constitutes the largest number of patients exposed to mechanical ventilation in this country and world wide [many millions of patients]. Postoperative pulmonary problems may, in part, due to the mechanical ventilation received in the OR. Yet, this cohort has never been systematically studied in terms of the effect of specific ventilatory patterns on postoperative outcomes. Data ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 4: Develop Workforce and Resources

Enhancement of the Medical Home and Medical Community with the use of EMS providers

Traditionally the Health Care model has meant that patients come to HCF for their care. Hospitals are increasingly overcrowded and also not always the best place to be due to the risk for nosocomial infections. Utilizing existing community resources to enhance the health both acute and chronic deserves exploration at the national level. Training paramedics to do chronic disease monitoring as well as as remotely work with ...more »

Submitted by (@dayam0)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Molecular determinants of pulmonary failure in sepsis

Respiratory failure in sepsis is almost universal and leads to worse clinical outcomes, yet it is poorly understood. Recent epidemics of pulmonary failure from respiratory viruses (e.g. influenza, SARS, MERS, etc) makes understanding molecular determinants of respiratory failure and the associated inflammatory and physiologic responses, critical for improving the health of our nation and potentially mitigating future ...more »

Submitted by (@greg.martin)

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