Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@gacdk0)

Definitive Evidence of the Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation

What is the clinical effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in reducing hospital admissions and readmissions, improving health outcomes such as exercise tolerance and dyspnea, and positively impacting patient centered outcomes. Does this effectiveness vary based on the types of settings rehab is conducted in, urban vs rural environments, the components to the program, the timing of the program and the overall support ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Integrated healthcare strategies during transitions in COPD care

Integrated healthcare strategies during transitions in COPD care

 

• What is cost effectiveness of multi-component COPD programs?

 

• Will early admission to a Pulmonary Rehabilitation program following a hospitalization for COPD reduce the likelihood of readmission within the following year?

 

• What is the most effective time to implement the transition from hospitalization following a COPD exacerbation admission?

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@jimandmarynelson)

Brief vs. teach-to-goal interventions in teaching patients with COPD to use inhalers

What is the comparative effectiveness of brief interventions to teach patients respiratory inhaler use (e.g., verbal and written instructions) vs. teach-to-goal interventions (brief interventions plus demonstration of correct technique, patient teach-back, feedback, and repeat instruction if needed) on respiratory inhaler technique and patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@k.willard)

Predicting COPD exacerbations and relapse

What measures other than PFT data can be used to predict risk of 1) COPD exacerbations (e.g., hospitalization, urgent care visit, or ED visit for COPD exacerbation) or 2) relapse (e.g., re-hospitalization, urgent care visit, or ED visit) following hospital discharge after treatment of COPD exacerbations?

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation

1. Does pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) reduce mortality risk? 2. Does PR in the post-hospitalization period reduce subsequent health care utilization? 3. Can the principles of PR be applied more broadly across the disease spectrum to reduce morbidity, mortality, and health care expenditures in patients with COPD? 4. Does early PR following hospitalization for acute exacerbation reduce mortality and readmission rates ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

COPD hospitalizations

COPD hospitalizations a. Define the pathobiological changes that lead to severe exacerbations that cause hospitalizations b. Define novel clinical and biological phenotypic characterizations of hospitalized patients who fail treatment that results in death or early readmission c. Explore new or understudied therapies for treatment of acute COPD hospitalizations: antioxidant, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (STATIN or ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Management of COPD in the presence of comorbidity

Management of COPD in the presence of comorbidity • Does a protocol-based screening for commonly occurring comorbid conditions in patients with COPD (eg. CAD, CHF, depression, sleep apnea) improve management and outcomes for patients with COPD? • How should providers coordinate management strategies and treatment goals in patients with COPD and other co-existing chronic diseases? • What is the comparative effectiveness ...more »

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