Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@elaine)

The Use of Therapeutic Apheresis to Reduce Circulating Levels of Galectin-3 and other Cancer and Inflammation Promoting Factors

Inflammation plays roles in cancer initiation, promotion, and progression. Elevated circulating galectin-3 (Gal-3) protein and other cancer and inflammation promoting factors (CIPFs) such as C-reactive protein and VEGF are associated with tumorigenesis and may play causative roles. Plasma Gal-3 is a biomarker, prognosticator, and pathogenic mediator of diverse cancers and is emerging as a therapeutic target. Preliminary ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@bgelman)

Scientific priorities for HIV-related cardiovascular research

Millions of virally suppressed patients with HIV/AIDS survive to older ages and will become increasingly vulnerable to inflammation-associated cardiovascular disease. The critical challenge is to determine whether age-driven cardiovascular declines that occur HIV-infected people are exacerbated by the persistent systemic inflammatory drive that occurs in virally suppressed patients. Studies that document cardiovascular ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@serevill)

Does lowering circulating lipoprotein(a) levels influence cardiovascular outcomes?

A comprehensive research strategy and plan is needed to determine the most efficient, safe, cost-effective and widely applicable strategy to decrease circulating levels of lipoprotein(a) and to determine whether lowering circulating lipoprotein(a) levels will reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease such as a heart attack or a stroke as well as the progression of atherosclerosis or aortic stenosis.

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@smajumdar)

A Chidren's Oncology Group (COG) for sickle cell disease (SCD)?

We have all witnessed the success of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) funded Children's Oncology Group - an organization that has made tremendous advancements in the care of children with cancer, very rare compared to sickle cell disease. COG has been able to not only create a database of the numerous studies, but has the unique ability to make "smaller" institutions feel important as is evident by patient enrollment. ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@coretta.jenerette)

Follow-up care for newborns diagnosed with sickle cell trait or disease

• There is a need to develop and support formal programs to provide follow-up care for newborns who test positive for the sickle cell trait or sickle cell disease upon screening. While newborn screening programs exist nationwide, healthcare providers report that often, screening is conducted only upon request (likely related to cost) and there is usually no follow-up afterwards. Interventions are also needed further ...more »

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17 up votes
3 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@jhagood)

Systems Approaches to "Phenosimilar" Diseases

There are diverse diseases that share similar features. For example, many chronic airways diseases (chronic aspiration, ciliary dyskinesia, some COPD) "phenocopy" cystic fibrosis in terms of infectious agents, mucus clearance problems, progressive loss of lung function, etc. Use multiplatform "omics" approaches and Big Data bioinformatics to identify common nodes for therapeutic targeting. Other examples: emphysema and ...more »

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