Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Prevention of rheumatic heart disease

Global health system outcomes studies are needed to identify impediments to successful primary and secondary prevention of rheumatic heart disease.

Other approaches, such as development of a vaccine for group A streptococcus and delaying disease progression once valve damage is present, could also be explored.

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@dstephens)

Advancing Translational Research

Ensuring that basic science is translated into clinical practice is essential. While there have been great strides in ensuring that babies born with congenital heart defects (CHD) are identified and repaired, we know that there are lifelong implications for those with CHDs that require continued follow-up and treatment. As the proportion of those with CHDs as adults continues to outpace the pediatric population, we urge ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Longitudinal Outcomes in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease

There is a critical need in congenital heart disease to assess longitudinal medical and psychosocial outcomes in older children and adults in the U.S. Current data in this area, particularly in the adult population, is limited to single center or small multicenter efforts or registry/population data from other countries. Understanding the long-term aspects of care is necessary not only to provide lifelong high quality ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

A Program of Research in the Prevention of Chronic Heart Failure

There is a need to address chronic heart failure (HF) through improved identification of patients at risk for HF and of patients with pathological ventricular remodeling who have minimal evidence of clinical HF, and more focused and individualized pharmacologic and lifestyle treatments and monitoring of patients with HF risk. Approaches would include big data collection, omics, statistical modeling, and focused clinical ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@woneill)

Neglect of Valuable Heart Health Data

Routine bypass surgery generates left ventricle pressure and volumetric flow data which can be modeled by estimated parameters capable of determining a heart health index. This capability is also available online for the surgeon's

guidance and is applicable to any heart chamber.

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Extreme makeover: harnessing adaptation mechanisms for therapy

What extreme adaptive physiological mechanisms in heart, lung, and blood systems might have the greatest potential to be targeted or employed in therapeutic strategies? Human physiology, including the heart, lung and blood systems, is known to possess extreme adaptive mechanisms to counter extreme conditions or unusual situations. Although some studies are being done, many of these mechanisms have not been fully explored ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@soldatovn.humgenex)

Calcium channels in cardiovascular functions and diseases

Fifty years ago Prof. Harald Reuter of the University of Bern, Switzerland obtained the first experimentally supported evidence that the calcium channel is a physiologically distinct entity. Further stimulated by the synthesis of the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker nifedipine, the field of calcium channel research rapidly encompassed cardiovascular and other powerful biomedical directions.

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Heart transplant surveillance

It is essential to develop clinically viable, non-invasive, less expensive technologies for the surveillance of allograft rejection in heart transplant patients. Critical challenges that exist in the near term or long term surveillance after transplant is the unavailability of molecular and cellular level markers that can be non-invasively imaged and quantified detect rejection and thus improve patient survival. Development ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@dxiao0)

Nicotine abuse and fetal programming of heart ischemic disease

It is well-known that cigarette smoking is a major risk factor of heart ischemic disease. However, little information is known about the maternal smoking and fetal programming of heart ischemic disease in adulthood. Recently, e-cigarette (nicotine use) during pregnancy is a worldwide health concern. Epidemiologic studies have indicated that cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular ...more »

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