Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Improving heart, lung, blood, sleep Health Outcomes for Minority and Underserved Men

What are the best strategies to improve implementation of evidence-based practices (EBP) to enhance effective health risk communication strategies among racial and ethnic minority males and underserved men? Examples of several issues that need to be addressed are: • Need for better definition of the role of families/communities in EBP (as co-therapists). • Requires less system fragmentation • Need for improved measurement, ...more »

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14 net votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@craighersh)

Precision medicine in non-malignant lung diseases

NIH has a major initiative in Precision Medicine, including whole genome sequencing. In contrast to cancer, mutations with large clinical effects are expected to be uncommon in most non-malignant chronic diseases, such as asthma and COPD. Other data types such as gene expression, biomarkers, and micro RNAs must be combined with clinical and imaging phenotyping to advance Precision medicine in non-malignant lung diseases. ...more »

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12 net votes
15 up votes
3 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@zbigniew.m.szczepiorkowski)

TREATMENT OF SEPSIS-MULTIPLE ORGAN DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME (MODS) UTILIZING APHERESIS BASED STRATEGIES

Sepsis, a systemic inflammatory response to infection, is the most common cause of death in non-cardiac intensive care units. The incidence and severity of sepsis have increased over the last two decades. With advances in supportive care, sepsis carries a mortality that averages 17%, however, this figure increases to 50 - 80% in Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS), defined as failure of 3 or more organ systems. ...more »

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97 net votes
115 up votes
18 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@pajohnson)

The importance of cosidering sex and gender in presicion medicine

Precision medicine will be invested in across NIH, as per the President's "Precision Medicine Initiative". It is critical that the population base be reflective of the US population, including 50% women. Gender, especially as it relates to exposures, must be a dominant consideration, as these factors are critical to the development of human disease and therefore will be important to prevention.

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2 net votes
2 up votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@jalees)

Regenerative Medicine 2.0 in Heart and Lung Research - Back to the Drawing Board

Stem cell therapies have been quite successful in hematologic disease but the outcomes of clinical studies using stem cells for cardiopulmonary disease have been rather modest. Explanations for this discrepancy such as the fact that our blood has a high rate of physiologic, endogenous turnover and regeneration whereas these processes occur at far lower rates in the heart and lung. Furthermore, hematopoietic stem cells ...more »

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7 net votes
11 up votes
4 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@js2745)

The role of Extracorporeal Photopheresis (ECP) in the prophylaxis and treatment of acute & chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

In Acute Graft Versus Host Disease (aGVHD), we would like to examine whether early and intensified delivery of ECP as part of standard prophylaxis will decrease overall corticosteroid exposure while preserving expected relapse rates in patients undergoing unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Chronic GVHD (cGVHD) is common after HSCT (30-50% recipients) and is a major contributor to late transplant-related ...more »

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103 net votes
126 up votes
23 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@murry0)

Stem Cell Immunology

We now can create critical cell types like cardiomyocytes etc. from stem cells. Additionally, we are learning the rules of using these cells to rebuild tissues. A major gap in our knowledge relates to the immunobiology of these cells. Lessons from transplantation medicine are only partially applicable, because solid organs are more complex and likely more immunogenic than defined cell populations. How does the immune ...more »

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23 net votes
45 up votes
22 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@greg.martin)

Predictive analytics to engage healthy behaviors and maintain health while reducing cost

Predictive Health employs the principle that using modern health testing and predictive analytics will better define true health (not just absence of disease) and, in combination with large-scale data analytics, will facilitate predicting deviations from the healthy trajectory earlier than traditional disease diagnosis, thus allowing more effective and less costly interventions to maintain health. Predictive Health educates ...more »

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5 net votes
9 up votes
4 down votes
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