Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@pandrea)

Interactions between anticoagulant therapy and antiretroviral drugs

Cardiovascular pathology has become a major problem in the management of the HIV-infected patient during the ART era. A large number of HIV patients will receive anticoagulants drugs for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. It is therefore critical to understand the interactions between antiretroviral therapy and anticoagulant therapy to safely treat HIV patients.

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@dxiao0)

Nicotine abuse and fetal programming of heart ischemic disease

It is well-known that cigarette smoking is a major risk factor of heart ischemic disease. However, little information is known about the maternal smoking and fetal programming of heart ischemic disease in adulthood. Recently, e-cigarette (nicotine use) during pregnancy is a worldwide health concern. Epidemiologic studies have indicated that cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@popkin)

Evaluation of large-scale regulatory efforts in the US and elsewhere

A number of cities(e.g Berkeley), states and countries (e.g Mexico's SSB tax, Chiles SSB and soon marketing controls and food package front of package label) will go into effect. Rigorous evaluations of the efforts will provide some sense of their potential to effect food purchase and dietary pattern and ultimately cardiometaboiic changes. Serious rigorous independent evaluations are needed to learn if these options--pushed ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@societyforvascularsurgery)

Animal models of vascular diseases

How can we better model human vascular disease in all its complexity?

­This is key to more effective translation of both diagnostics and therapeutics. Develop improved animal models of vascular diseases including PAD, aneurysm, venous diseases, to facilitate fundamental research and preclinical development.

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@yuri.astrakhan)

How to organize artificial pulsatile propelling of blood maintaining the balanced circulation?

Venous pressure, being very low, distends (deforms) the ventricle - but due to elastic or viscous law of deformation? Elastic deformation depends on stress (pressure) only and the viscous one - on stress and time. When pressures are low you can't get large distention due to stress only (time-independent) unlike the case when you apply low stress and long time interval. If we want to use venous pressure as one of regulators ...more »

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