Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

To extend our knowledge of the pathobiology of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders and enable clinical investigations that advance the prediction, prevention, preemption, treatment, and cures of human disease.

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@leonardo.brandao)

Understand the Impact of Thrombosis in Children with Cancer

CC: Despite the potential impact that venous thrombotic events (VTE) have on children with cancer, several unresolved issues remain. To date, we are yet to understand: - incidence/prevalence of VTE according to cancer type/staging - ideal imaging modalities to diagnose/follow VTE - thromboprophylaxis according to thrombosis risk stratification (development of VTE predictors) - efficacy/safety to anticoagulate children ...more »

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8 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Gene Therapies to Revitalize/Regenerate Cardiac Function

There is a need to examine the use of recombinant DNA to the heart for correction of genetic abnormalities or restoration of normal signaling pathways to prevent heart failure. However, gene therapy is a complex process and more studies are needed in which tissue targeting, route of delivery, regulation of target gene expression, therapeutic dose, and identification of robust biomarkers are further investigated.

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-18 net votes
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26 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@jnoel0)

UNDERSTANDING SLEEP AND CIRCADIAN DISORDERS AT A BASIC MECHANISTIC LEVEL

We need to understand sleep and circadian disorders at a more mechanistic level. This applies to both the pathogenesis of these disorders and to their impact on health. New neurobiological and molecular tools facilitate this research. The focus needs to be not only in brain but also the impact of these disorders on future of peripheral organs. The elucidation of the fundamental functions of sleep and the impact of ...more »

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179 net votes
232 up votes
53 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@sabas0)

Cardiac Defibrillator Therapy Management in the Elderly

Older patients have been largely under represented in the landmark clinical trials that have established the beneficial effects of ICD therapy on survival. With older age, comorbidities increase leading to a higher incidence of non-cardiac mortality. This is supported by very well documented decrease in the incidence of appropriate defibrillator shocks. Based on the above, it is important to know whether defibrillator ...more »

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4 net votes
16 up votes
12 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@freedlak)

Treatment of Major Depression in Patients with Heart Failure

Major depression (MD) is common in patients with heart failure, and it is an independent risk marker for functional decline, hospitalization, and mortality. Two large trials have shown that it can be difficult to treat. SADHART-CHF, a double-blind, placebo-controlled RCT (n=469), found that sertraline was not efficacious for MD in HF. MOOD-HF (n=372) showed that escitalopram was not efficacious. Smaller trials of cognitive-behavioral ...more »

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8 net votes
27 up votes
19 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@ahenn0)

Making It Real: Affordable Physiologically Relevant In Vitro Environments

We have done the best we can to mimic the human internal environment in vitro for the discovery, testing, and validation of therapeutics, but there is a critical need to do better. The use of more complex cell-based in vitro models is the result of the recognition of how little predictive power there is in current experimental conditions, even with animal models. With an in vitro environment that goes beyond temperature ...more »

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10 up votes
14 down votes
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