Goal 1: Promote Human Health

To expand knowledge of the molecular and physiological mechanisms governing the normal function of heart, lung, blood, and sleep systems as essential elements for sustaining human health.

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Brain-Heart Connections

Depression and CHD will become the 2 leading causes of disability in the next decade. Chronic as well as traumatic stress increases CVD risk by about 50%. Although we understand that there are connections between psychosocial stress, affective disorders, and CVD, we do not understand the vast array of brain areas that impact the CV system and the mechanisms connecting them. Neuroscience has made great leaps in understanding ...more »

Submitted by (@cshively)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Study wellness instead of diseases by longitudinal follow-up of frequent and long term blood donors

Blood donors (especially young donors) in general represent healthy populations. Longitudinal follow-up of frequent and long term blood donors can be useful to establish data and sample sources for the study of wellness, instead of disease (especially for blood diseases). Not only it can be used as healthy controls, it can also be used to predict the wellness factors such as genetic variation, life style, exercise patterns, ...more »

Submitted by (@yanyunw)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Nefarious substances in the US blood supply

Prescription and illicit drug is everpresent in the US, which can potentially result in controlled substances entering the US blood supply. Passive transfer of immune allergens is only anecdotally been reported as peanut allergens, fish allergens, and contrast material. However, US blood donors are only screened for a limited number of medications on the universal donor health questionnaire at time of collection. What, ...more »

Submitted by (@garrett.s.booth)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Re-examining Antigenicity of Rare Blood Disease Proteins

What specific roles do protein glycosylation and protein complex formation on stable and activated cellular membranes play in inherent immunogenicity and antibody formation to life-saving therapies for rare blood disorders?

 

NHLBI leadership and collaboration with NIAID is needed to bring this combined expertise to bear on the understanding and prevention of this most significant complication of hemophilia therapy.

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

A Systems Approach - Human Cardiac Electromechanical Activity

The challenge is to identify limitations in using data from non-human animal species for elucidation of human electromechanical function/activity and to identify what specific information and computational approaches need to be incorporated. To aid in achieving such a goal, it might be useful to convene a series of workshops to build consensus and improve communication among investigators working at the same horizontal ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Early Life Elements

What are the early life elements that contribute to the development of chronic lung disease? Strategies need to be developed for treatment/prevention of these elements.

Submitted by (@jdc000)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Functional and high throughput screening assays

There is a need to develop functional assays and high throughput screening to develop probes and potential drug therapies. A. Functional Assays. Researchers face a challenging gap between identifying many sequence variations of potential interest and recognizing which of these variations have a direct functional effect on the physiological system of interest, as opposed to merely being associated with the actual causal ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Funding of Stem Cell/Lung Regeneration Research

How to "cure" a chronic, incurable disease - A potential giant step in saving the lives of many thousands of Americans, and potentially millions worldwide, who are afflicted with COPD, the third leading cause of death in the U.S. The financial effect of COPD in the United States alone is well over $50 billion per year. It is estimated that some 30 million Americans have COPD, which of course means that at least that ...more »

Submitted by (@jimandmarynelson)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Updating level C evidence in Clinical Guidelines

Clinical Guidelines depends on good science. Despite this, only 11% of guidelines that reported level of evidence in 2009, had level of evidence A while 48% had level C. Studies have shown that recommendations based on Level of Evidence C (or their equivalence) are significantly less reliable and may be downgraded, reversed or omitted when better evidence is available. I propose a comprehensive review of ACC/AHA ...more »

Submitted by (@glancast)

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