Goal 1: Promote Human Health

To expand knowledge of the molecular and physiological mechanisms governing the normal function of heart, lung, blood, and sleep systems as essential elements for sustaining human health.

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

dose-response relationship for behavioral treatment of obesity

As a member of the NHLBI panel updating the obesity treatment guidelines, it was clear that there has not been much systematic work on the relationship between the frequency of intervention contacts and the short and long-term effects on weight change and maintenance of weight change. The general finding that more frequent contacts with professional weight loss counselors, and a longer series of contacts, are more effective, ...more »

Submitted by (@victor.j.stevens)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Transformative Impact of Proteomics

The proteomics field has dramatically progressed over the past 20 years, with advancements and improvements in experimental designs and sample preparation protocols, as well as mass spectrometry equipment, approaches, and analysis. This has resulted in substantial forward progress towards a proteomic pipeline to establish cause and effect mechanisms of cardiovascular disease. There is a need for CV proteomics that resolve ...more »

Submitted by (@mllindsey)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Rejuvenating Old Hearts and Lungs

Is there a true "mechanome" affecting normal heart function that could be studied to uncover important mechanically-stimulated pathways relevant to tissue development, maintenance, and repair in vivo? Are there mechanomics that predict and control fundamental biological processes linked to the body's natural healing and regeneration machinery? What if we could leverage 3D tissue engineering advances to rejuvenate aging ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Extreme makeover: harnessing adaptation mechanisms for therapy

What extreme adaptive physiological mechanisms in heart, lung, and blood systems might have the greatest potential to be targeted or employed in therapeutic strategies? Human physiology, including the heart, lung and blood systems, is known to possess extreme adaptive mechanisms to counter extreme conditions or unusual situations. Although some studies are being done, many of these mechanisms have not been fully explored ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Role of non-coding RNAs in cardiovascular biology and disease

Noncoding RNAs field is still in its infancy. It includes microRNA and long-non-coding RNA. Recent studies show that Non-coding RNA play important roles in the regulation of tissue homeostasis and pathophysiological conditions. miRNA-based therapeutics showed promising results in numerous animal models of heart failure, cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis and hyperlipidaemias, and showed success in in-human clinical trial ...more »

Submitted by (@totaryjainh)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

How do Circulating Precursor Endothelial Cells contribute to newly formed vessels

Endothelial cells derive from cells in the bone marrow. Circulating precursor endothelial cells contribute to newly forming vessels.

Do Alk 1 and/or Endogln mutations affect the functions of these cells once they incorporate into growing vessels. These vessels then go on to form arteriovenous malformations

Submitted by (@mariannes.clancy)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Transforming Transplantation with Reprogramming Immune System Cells (RISC)

Can we "reprogram" the immune system to improve outcomes of heart, lung, and hematopoietic cell transplants? While NIAID is a major funder of immunology research, we are a major contributor to stem cell research. Our resources could be combined, where NIAID would support this approach for autoimmune diseases, and we would support work in tolerance for transplants. If the NCI also wants to collaborate on co-stimulatory ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Developing tools and resources for studying sex differences

There is a need to promote sex balance in research. We know that existing and emerging scientific evidence supports the notion that sex is a major determinant for the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Thus, expansion of resources for relevant animal models of disease, and the creation of databases that collect sex as a biological variable are important for both pre-clinical and clinical studies.

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

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