Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

To extend our knowledge of the pathobiology of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders and enable clinical investigations that advance the prediction, prevention, preemption, treatment, and cures of human disease.

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Study of Prevention of Airflow Obstruction Progression

There should be a study for prevention of Airflow Obstruction Progression. Rationale: All diseases have a prodrome followed by an early face of disease progression. Complex medical chronic diseases can only be slowed through the addition of several interventions all of which contribute to a final improvement of prognosis (witness CV diseases). Definition of “Early Disease”: Would be aimed at patients with airflow obstruction ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@ahenn0)

Making It Real: Affordable Physiologically Relevant In Vitro Environments

We have done the best we can to mimic the human internal environment in vitro for the discovery, testing, and validation of therapeutics, but there is a critical need to do better. The use of more complex cell-based in vitro models is the result of the recognition of how little predictive power there is in current experimental conditions, even with animal models. With an in vitro environment that goes beyond temperature ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@dc0000)

Fetal basis for Adult Disease

Maternal exposures during pregnancy have the potential to alter development and lead to lifelong susceptibility to disease. There is epidemiological evidence of this in the asthma field, where maternal smoking leads to increased asthma rates. However, the molecular mechanisms by which maternal exposures cause lung disease later in life are not known and the influence of in utero exposures on susceptibility to lung cancer, ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@mariannes.clancy)

How gene mutations contribute to defects in vascular development

How do gene mutations in endoglin and alk 1 create arteriovenous malformations leading to disease. Alk 1 and endoglin are receptors in TGFB/BMP family signaling. TGFB/BMP have roles in vascular development, remodeling and maintenance in vascular integrity. Understanding the downstream effect will lead to advancements in reducing genetic diseases such as HHT as well as vascular malformations in general

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@rhansler)

Conduct a clinical trial whether maximizing melatonin using orange eyeglasses in the evning reduces breast cancer.

Epidemiological studies have shown totally blind women have about half the incidence of breast cancer as blind women who retain light control of melatonin suppression or of women with normal vision. Studies show shift worker that reduces melatonin and disrupts the circadian rhythm increases the risk of breast cancer. Studies show human breast cancer grafts grown on rats but supplied with human blood grow rapidly if the ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@hloree)

Devices to Enhance AVF Eligibility and Maturation

There are about 400,000 patients with end-stage renal disease in the U.S. who depend on hemodialysis (HD) for their survival. Creating effective and reliable vascular access sites that can connect patients to HD machines remains a major unmet clinical need. HD patients who use an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for vascular access live longer, healthier lives and cost less to care for. However, only about 55% of HD patients ...more »

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