Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

To extend our knowledge of the pathobiology of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders and enable clinical investigations that advance the prediction, prevention, preemption, treatment, and cures of human disease.

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@jnoel0)

UNDERSTANDING SLEEP AND CIRCADIAN DISORDERS AT A BASIC MECHANISTIC LEVEL

We need to understand sleep and circadian disorders at a more mechanistic level. This applies to both the pathogenesis of these disorders and to their impact on health. New neurobiological and molecular tools facilitate this research. The focus needs to be not only in brain but also the impact of these disorders on future of peripheral organs. The elucidation of the fundamental functions of sleep and the impact of ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@josephzasadzinski)

Sex and Race Differences in Replacement Lung Surfactant Efficacy

Baby boys and girls can respond quite differently to replacement lung surfactants given in response to neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. There are also variations in efficacy between babies of different races, in addition to the generally increased risk of NRDS in minority populations overall to lack of prenatal care or access to neonatal intensive care units. Increasing the availability of surfactant treatment ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@giralts)

What are the mechanisms of lung injury after HCT

Despite major advances in supportive care and tissue typing non relapse mortality rates for adults undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation are still between 15-20 % at 2 years. Lung injury and respiratory failure is a major causes of death after HCT. Although the BMT-CTN has a focused agenda on GVHD, reduction of lung toxicities will be important to improve outcomes. NHLBI should encourage researched from the ...more »

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59 net votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Registry of new-onset, post-operative atrial fibrillation

There is a need for an observational registry of new-onset post-operative atrial fibrillation (AF) patients to better understand the mechanisms of post-operative AF and allow clinicians to define patient-specific AF phenotypes and treatments. The registry’s information and infrastructure could be used to develop and conduct clinical trials that provide strong evidence for guidelines in treating this common problem.

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@greg.martin)

Molecular determinants of pulmonary failure in sepsis

Respiratory failure in sepsis is almost universal and leads to worse clinical outcomes, yet it is poorly understood. Recent epidemics of pulmonary failure from respiratory viruses (e.g. influenza, SARS, MERS, etc) makes understanding molecular determinants of respiratory failure and the associated inflammatory and physiologic responses, critical for improving the health of our nation and potentially mitigating future ...more »

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