Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

To extend our knowledge of the pathobiology of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders and enable clinical investigations that advance the prediction, prevention, preemption, treatment, and cures of human disease.

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Mental health and wellness in sickle cell disease

A growing concern among the sickle cell community surrounds the lack of mental health and wellness services. Many in the community deal with anxiety and depression. It is well known how intricately connected mental and physical health are. So if we know that stress can trigger a psychological crisis which in turn triggers a physical pain crisis, why do we not automatically include mental health services within patient ...more »

Submitted by (@sicklecellwarrior)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Need to assess a new method of warfarin management vs. new oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation

The two obstacles to warfarin therapy (keeping the INR in range and the associated hassles of frequent lab visits) can be eliminated by INR self testing and online "virtual clinic" monitoring and management (as demonstrated in six small studies. Achieving an INR percent time in range of approximately 75% to 80% is associated with a 50% or lower rate of thromboembolism and major bleeding. The studies of new oral anticoagulants ...more »

Submitted by (@bussey)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Regeneration of Failing Heart while Resting on Left Ventricular Assist Device

Heart transplant is the ultimate treatment for AHA stage-D heart failure. Due to availability, heart transplants will be limited to about 2,500 per year. Patients with AHA stage-D heart failure has estimated prevalence of 0.2% for age >45. Thus, patients in need far exceed organs available. A failed heart has very challenging environment for cellular therapy. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) can offload the heart ...more »

Submitted by (@ctong0)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Lack of Collaboration Across NIH Institutes

There are many significant questions in CVD prevention that cross the disciplines represented by the different institutes. For example, the obesity epidemic, poor nutrition, and physical inactivity are relevant to CVD, neurological disease, diabetes, and cancer. Tobacco use is directly relevant to cancer and CVD. Social determinants and disparities affect multiple diseases and outcomes. Reducing obesity will require interventions ...more »

Submitted by (@stephen.fortmann)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Inflammation: what is the role of the blood microbiome?

Blood is not continuously sterile. Data from dental studies, blood donors, and random blood cultures document that "normal" human blood often harbors microbes. Sepsis only occurs when immunological regulatory systems fail. Growing evidence link subclinical, potentially transient bacteremia to cardiovascular and other diseases. Could many of the diseases associated with inflammatory markers represent either continuous ...more »

Submitted by (@kevinfiscella)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

The relationship between genetic variation and disease mechanisms

What is the contribution of individual differences in RNA processing to disease causation, disease modification, disease susceptibility, and positive or negative responses to therapies? Studies using genome sequencing combined with RNA-seq have determined that genetic variation affects regulation of RNA processing as frequently as transcriptional regulation. While transcriptional networks are well defined in heart development ...more »

Submitted by (@tcooper)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Non-obstructive Coronary Disease

It is increasingly apparent that ischemic heart disease does not equal obstructive coronary disease. There is a large, heterogeneous population of individuals who present to the ED with chest pain syndrome with or without a troponin elevation, who on diagnostic evaluation have non-obstructive disease and who on prospective studies have increased risk for ACS and early mortality; other literature shows the same for coronary ...more »

Submitted by (@matthew.burg)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

A Chidren's Oncology Group (COG) for sickle cell disease (SCD)?

We have all witnessed the success of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) funded Children's Oncology Group - an organization that has made tremendous advancements in the care of children with cancer, very rare compared to sickle cell disease. COG has been able to not only create a database of the numerous studies, but has the unique ability to make "smaller" institutions feel important as is evident by patient enrollment. ...more »

Submitted by (@smajumdar)

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