Goal 1: Promote Human Health

To expand knowledge of the molecular and physiological mechanisms governing the normal function of heart, lung, blood, and sleep systems as essential elements for sustaining human health.

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Interaction of blood cells with their environment

It is beginning to be known that malignant cells interact with neighboring cells and the course of their malignancy is directed by those cells. It is also known that transplanted stem cells interact with nearby cells and acquire direction of maturation and cell type from those cells. In my experience in unpublished work, the nature of the materials that leukocytes and monocytes have encountered during their apheresis ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

DESIGN AND EVALUATE INTERVENTION STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE SLEEP HEALTH AND CIRCADIAN DISRUPTION

Data indicate the association between short sleep and circadian disruption on a number of adverse outcomes such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, hypertension, etc. There is a need to move beyond association to interventions that can be shown to improve sleep duration and circadian disruption.

Submitted by (@jnoel0)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Updating level C evidence in Clinical Guidelines

Clinical Guidelines depends on good science. Despite this, only 11% of guidelines that reported level of evidence in 2009, had level of evidence A while 48% had level C. Studies have shown that recommendations based on Level of Evidence C (or their equivalence) are significantly less reliable and may be downgraded, reversed or omitted when better evidence is available. I propose a comprehensive review of ACC/AHA ...more »

Submitted by (@glancast)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Improve understanding of cardiometabolic health in Asian Americans

We are only now beginning to recognize that certain Asian American subpopulations are at high risk for cardiometabolic (CM) disorders thanks to recent ethnicity-specific studies (e.g., MASALA study). For the most part, however, our understanding of CM risk in Asian Americans is based on aggregated data. Further, a perception remains that other, understudied groups (e.g., Chinese Americans) are at low risk because of their ...more »

Submitted by (@mtseng)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Improving longterm outcomes after surgery for congenital heart disease

Survival has improved but neurobehavioral disabilty remains a common complication with adverse impacts on quality of life, educational and occupational attainments, and resource utilization. There is increasing evidence that brain development is abnormal, and leads to a rrisk of peri-operative brain injury. Studies are needed to; 1. Further define the prevalence and spectrum of neurobehavioral disability. 2, Understand ...more »

Submitted by (@gaynor)

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23 up votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

The coupling of mechanical stress to biochemistry, molecular biology and electrophysiology

Cells aren’t beakers holding soluble reactants waiting to be mixed. Cells are structured objects where life forms as a flow of free energy between three pools: chemical, electrical and mechanical. Most papers in the literature ignore structure (except of Xray or EM of specific proteins) and almost all ignore the coupling of mechanics to the other pools. Cells cannot be studied with in vitro experiments. We can study single ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

dose-response relationship for behavioral treatment of obesity

As a member of the NHLBI panel updating the obesity treatment guidelines, it was clear that there has not been much systematic work on the relationship between the frequency of intervention contacts and the short and long-term effects on weight change and maintenance of weight change. The general finding that more frequent contacts with professional weight loss counselors, and a longer series of contacts, are more effective, ...more »

Submitted by (@victor.j.stevens)

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