Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

The coupling of mechanical stress to biochemistry, molecular biology and electrophysiology

Cells aren’t beakers holding soluble reactants waiting to be mixed. Cells are structured objects where life forms as a flow of free energy between three pools: chemical, electrical and mechanical. Most papers in the literature ignore structure (except of Xray or EM of specific proteins) and almost all ignore the coupling of mechanics to the other pools. Cells cannot be studied with in vitro experiments. We can study single ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@inoth0)

what are the molecular pheontypic differences in IPF/ILD

What are the molecular phenotypic differences in blood and tissue of IPF ILD and how do they relate to disease course and potential response to therapy. There is a need to gain understanding in humans of the differences and similarities in iPF and iLD in general to eliminate the idiopathic nature and establish human targets. The challenge is coupling such research to longer term studies/outcomes and potentially clinical ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@hcai00)

RFA on EC-cardiomyocyte interactions in the mechanisms and treatments of cardiovascular diseases

Often under recognized, the cardiac endothelial cells are highly abundant in the heart, and may have important roles in modulating cardiac function, besides simply serving as structural component of blood vessels. Evidences of ours and others have indicated an emerging role of cardiac endothelial cells signaling to cardiomyocytes to mediate important pathophysiological responses. Nonetheless, detailed mechanisms of ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Clinical Tools for Pediatric CVD Risk Reduction and Asthma Treat

What are effective strategies and clinical decision support tools that can maximize pediatric care providers’ adoption of evidence-based recommendations for assessment and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors and/or asthma? • Clinical recommendations and associated implementation tools are often incorporated into electronic medical records (EMRs). Currently there is no standard EMR format and therefore it is difficult ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Global cohorts to fill gaps in knowledge

Given the global burden of disease, what does NHLBI plan to do to establish a diverse global cohort to connect basic sciences to population health, in a way that differences in phenotypes around the world can be studied rapidly? For example, why not start by supporting a coalition of cohorts originally funded by the Global Heart Initiative?

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@wangq2)

Genetics and Genomics of Heart Disease

Identification of new genetic/genomic variants and risk genes often opens a new window to explore the fundamental molecular mechanisms underlying a disease and to develop new methods and strategies for diagnosis and treatment. Existing genomic variants and/or mutations explain only 10% to 20% heritability of common heart diseases. Much remains to be done in this important area. However, most genetic projects are discovery-driven ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@echenum)

Advanced Models for Translational Cardiovascular Research and Drug Development

Although the study of the cardiovascular (CV) system has benefited significantly from the use of gene-targeted and transgenic mouse models, small rodents do not always accurately reflect human cardiovascular physiology. Many discoveries using mouse CVD models failed to translate into human applications.

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@media0)

THE RELEVANCE OF PREVENTION TRIALS

Prevention trials, implemented to reduce or delay progression to overt disease in a population at risk to the disease, are an important approach to health promotion. Therapies shown to reduce disease severity in patients with a specific disease are obvious, but not the only, candidates for a prevention trial in populations at high risk for prevalent diseases (such as heart failure, diabetes, COPD, asthma in children). ...more »

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