Will sensitivity to the psychological aspects of obesity, including lifestyle priorities and motivations, improve the efficacy of long-term effectiveness of weight loss and obesity prevention interventions?
The notion that in order to be treated with CPAP for sleep apnea you first must have a diagnostic test, which involves either a sleep laboratory or a home study, needs to be examined.
Does treatment of sleep apnea prevent cardiovascular disease?
Long-term risk of recurrence of obstructive sleep apnea in children successfully treated with surgery during childhood.
Effectiveness of medications for cataplexy in children.
Does alteration of sleep duration improve patient outcomes in sleep apnea?
Does assessment and treatment of sleep apnea in pregnancy reduce the risk of maternal heart, lung and blood disease and complications associated with delivery and risk factors in offspring (e.g., obesity)?
Does a protocol-based screening for commonly occurring comorbid conditions in patients with COPD (eg. CAD, CHF, depression, sleep apnea) improve management and outcomes for patients with COPD?
There is evidence of a higher prevalence of sleep and circadian disorders in different ethnic groups. This is true for both adult and pediatric subjects. There is also evidence that minority populations in lower socioeconomic groups do not seek evaluation for sleep disorders as frequently as other segments of our population. There is also evidence that they are less adherent to treatments such as nasal CPAP for obstructive ...more »
Do patients with cardiovascular disease benefit from sleep apnea therapy?
It is estimated that up to 28% of the population suffer from sleep apnea, which impairs functioning and reduces quality of life, while increasing risk of accidents and a variety of cardiovascular, metabolic, and neuropsychiatric diseases. A large portion of sleep apnea cases are caused by abnormal oro-nasal-maxillo-mandibular features that result in crowding of the upper airway, making it vulnerable to collapsing or ...more »
There is developing evidence of major individual differences in pathways to different common sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea. Moreover, there is evidence of different clinical presentations of disease and different outcomes. For example, some subjects with obstructive sleep apnea who get excessive sleepiness while others do not. The latter are still at risk for other consequences of the disorder such ...more »