(@katherinek)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Development of right ventricular-targeted therapies in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex, progressive condition characterized by high blood pressure in the lungs and restriction of flow through the pulmonary arterial system. A great increase in the treatment armamentarium has been noted for this rare disease in the past 20 years, with 12 new PAH-targeted therapies. Though these therapies do improve cardiac performance, this is most likely due to their primary ...more »

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66 net votes
75 up votes
9 down votes
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(@bldbuddy)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What new methods of platelet preparation, processing, and storage are needed for hemostasis in various clinical conditions?

The limitations of 5-day 22˚ C storage significantly impacts platelet availability. It is critical that we develop new methods of collection, processing, storage to extend the storage time of platelets, and evaluate the use of whole blood. The attributes of these products must be understood to optimally alignment product attributes, clinical efficacy and safety with hemostatic needs in a variety of clinical states. Specifically, ...more »

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14 net votes
34 up votes
20 down votes
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(@katherinek)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

How can we non-invasively, but still accurately, measure blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries?

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a complex, progressive condition characterized by high blood pressure in the lungs. The gold standard for measuring pressures in the pulmonary arteries is a right heart catheterization, where a special catheter is guided through the right side of the heart and into the pulmonary artery, the main vessel carrying blood to the lungs. This measurement is essential, as it allows physicians and ...more »

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67 net votes
75 up votes
8 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Research Opportunities in HLB to Facilitate Aging in Place

There is a need for greater evidence-based research over the next 5-10 years to reduce healthcare costs, reduce hospitalizations, and support older persons with significant heart, lung, blood, sleep conditions to remain in their private homes if feasible, if technology is utilized that fosters clinical and epidemiologic research.

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17 net votes
35 up votes
18 down votes
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(@nareg.roubinian)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Biology of Red Blood Cell Alloimmunization

What determines which individuals will develop RBC alloimmune responses resulting in clinically meaningful sequelae? This question encompasses: 1) the generation of alloantibodies that limit the availability of compatible blood or cause hemolytic disease of the fetus or newborn (HDFN); 2) the distinction between clinically significant and insignificant alloantibody responses, especially within alloantibody specificities ...more »

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44 net votes
58 up votes
14 down votes
Active
(@ben.croker)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Prevent cytopenia in septic patients

Sepsis is the leading cause of death in critically ill patients in the USA, affecting particularly young children and the elderly. A hallmark of septic shock patients upon diagnosis is peripheral blood cytopenia. This persistent cytopenia commonly affects myeloid, lymphoid and erythroid lineages resulting in immunosuppression and is a well-established predictor of fatal outcome. Clinical trials targeting the production ...more »

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0 net votes
11 up votes
11 down votes
Active
(@jantin)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Transplantation across HLA barriers in aplastic anemia

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is curative in aplastic anemia with much less intrinsic toxicity than transplantation in hematologic malignancies. The recent BMT-CTN trial demonstrated 97% survival at one year with little subsequent decline. However patients without matched related or unrelated donors have graft-rejection rates of up to 50%. Preliminary data from the Netherlands suggests that anti-thymocyte globulin ...more »

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110 net votes
137 up votes
27 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Implementation Research to Improve Global Availability of Safe Blood Transfusions

What well-developed principles and lessons learned can be employed to improve the safety and availability of blood transfusions in developing countries? The WHO Global Status Report 2013, many research reports, and a recent assessment of burdens of transfusion transmissible infections with HIV, HBV and HCV identified several critical challenges: 1) Significant proportions of blood collections in a large number of countries ...more »

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7 net votes
20 up votes
13 down votes
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(@joachim.herz)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in the CNS

The analysis of lipoprotein metabolism has traditionally been restricted to the easily accessible circulation and peripheral tissues. Very little work has been done behind the blood brain barrier, where many of the lipid carrying or metabolizing genes are also expressed. Yet we know very little about their functions there, although for instance ApoE4 is THE primary risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. Conventional ...more »

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-4 net votes
7 up votes
11 down votes
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