Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Individually-Tailored Approaches to Manage Perinatal Weight Gain to Improve Maternal and Infant Health

Managing perinatal weight gain is a major challenge in research and practice. More women enter pregnancy already overweight or obese which increases the risks for morbidity and mortality for both mother and baby. Novel strategies are needed to effectively manage weight gain in this population. This may include infusing engineering principles and dynamical modeling to better understand the complex interactions of biological ...more »

Submitted by (@dsd110)

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34 up votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Increased receptivity to probative programmatic trials

We believe there should be greater openness to large, simple trials that answer clear questions of interest (e.g. does giving children more fruits and vegetables while changing nothing else lead to weight loss?; does eating breakfast regularly lead to weight loss?; etc.). The conduct of such trials may sometimes be expensive but can sometimes be only modestly costly if they are kept simple. However, it is difficult to ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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1 up votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Single thing needed to prevent obesity: control the mouth

The cause of obesity is clear and simple: eating > needs, or in > out; that is, energy intake is greater than energy use. For the majority of the public, there is little genetic component to cause obesity or over weight. Rather, personal determination is the single thing that is needed to control body weight. Just control the mouth. Simple and easy, and free. Even for the most favorite food, the amount to eat should be ...more »

Submitted by (@eastcastlegeastcastle007)

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11 up votes
93 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Impact research related to obesity interventions in black and and other high-risk populations?

How can we increase high-impact obesity and CVD-related intervention research with black and other high risk populations. Specifically, how can the NHLBI and NIH process ensure the generation of more research on solutions to weight issues that is goal-oriented and population-focused, e.g., sets of studies designed to align with a coherent, population-focused research agenda with prioritized questions based on potential ...more »

Submitted by (@skumanyi)

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7 up votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Effect of obesity on recovery of lung function in pediatric survivors of critical illness

What are the determinants of persistent respiratory failure in children? Are obese children at greater risk for prolonged mechanical ventilation than non-obese children? Does BMI affect the time to recovery of lung function in obese children with ARDS? What is the pathogenesis and molecular contributors of obesity on respiratory failure in critical illness?

Submitted by (@greg.martin)

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3 up votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

A Systems Approach to Obesity

There is a need to use an integrated systems approach to obesity prevention and treatment. Obesity is a complex phenotype influenced by factors from the molecular to the socio-economic level. To address the causes and prevention of obesity, we need to integrate information at the molecular level with behavioral, social and environmental data. This will require investigators in molecular biology, genetics, epidemiology, ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

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138 up votes
41 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Basic understanding on the mechanisms of overeating

We have an in depth understanding of the effects nutrients and diet have on the development of chronic disease, yet very little research funding has gone to understanding the basic mechanisms of eating behavior and how to successful change diet. There are currently no study sections at NIH that specialize in nutrition and/or human eating behavior, and therefore proposals in this subject area get farmed out to other study ...more »

Submitted by (@klk370)

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17 up votes
20 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Impact of intrauterine environment on obesity

How does maternal obesity before or during pregnancy affect the intrauterine environment and increase the risk of overweight/obesity in the offspring?

How does maternal dietary intake during pregnancy impact weight in the offspring?

What types of interventions are most effective for preventing excessive gestational weight gain among high risk groups?

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

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66 up votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Public-Private Partnerships to Improve Nutrition & Reduce Obesity

How can we best encourage and support collaborations between academic researchers and industry partners to test strategies for changing nutritional choices and eating behaviors to healthier patterns that can improve obesity rates? Subquestions include issues around adopting healthier food choices in a variety of environments, effects of diet alteration, the methods and effects of enhancing healthier food flavors, understanding ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

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54 net votes
96 up votes
42 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Developing approaches to the dissemination of behavioral weight loss programs

The Challenge is to make behavioral weight loss programs readily available to he many overweight and obese patients who need them. Behaivoral weight loss programs are effective in producing weight losses of 7-10% of initial body weight, which has been shown to have major beneficial effects on a number of diseases relevant to NHLBI--including hypertension and sleep apnea. However, at present, these programs are not widely ...more »

Submitted by (@rwing0)

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