Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Environmental induction of congenital heart defects and finding means of prevention

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) continue to be the leading cause of death among all infants with birth defects. It is reported that approximately 10% of cardiac congenital anomalies have a genetic basis. An equal percentage, or ~10%, is due to environmental factors. For ~60% the etiology is unknown and considered to have a multifactorial basis, eg, environmental agents having a role against a specific genetic background, ...more »

Submitted by (@kerstilinask)

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-7 net votes
16 up votes
23 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Impact research related to obesity interventions in black and and other high-risk populations?

How can we increase high-impact obesity and CVD-related intervention research with black and other high risk populations. Specifically, how can the NHLBI and NIH process ensure the generation of more research on solutions to weight issues that is goal-oriented and population-focused, e.g., sets of studies designed to align with a coherent, population-focused research agenda with prioritized questions based on potential ...more »

Submitted by (@skumanyi)

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6 net votes
7 up votes
1 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Effect of obesity on recovery of lung function in pediatric survivors of critical illness

What are the determinants of persistent respiratory failure in children? Are obese children at greater risk for prolonged mechanical ventilation than non-obese children? Does BMI affect the time to recovery of lung function in obese children with ARDS? What is the pathogenesis and molecular contributors of obesity on respiratory failure in critical illness?

Submitted by (@greg.martin)

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1 net vote
3 up votes
2 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Design interventions to improve sleep hygiene

Inadequate sleep is associated with risk of obesity. Electronic media devices interfere with our ability to sleep well - they delay sleep, interrupt sleep, and affect sleep quality. However these devices are addictive and ubiquitous. Can we develop interventions to help people obtain adequate sleep?

Submitted by (@anna.adachimejia)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

dose-response relationship for behavioral treatment of obesity

As a member of the NHLBI panel updating the obesity treatment guidelines, it was clear that there has not been much systematic work on the relationship between the frequency of intervention contacts and the short and long-term effects on weight change and maintenance of weight change. The general finding that more frequent contacts with professional weight loss counselors, and a longer series of contacts, are more effective, ...more »

Submitted by (@victor.j.stevens)

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-2 net votes
3 up votes
5 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Address bias of doctors treating obese patients

Twice I was allowed to develop severe heart failure symptoms that required hospitalization to treat because my primary care physician assumed that my ONLY problem was that I am fat. Every doctor knows that obesity can lead to the development of diabetes, heart diseases, joint damage and yet too many doctors on the frontlines just say: You're fat go diet. My first experience with this was when I was first diagnosed ...more »

Submitted by (@chriscage)

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5 net votes
21 up votes
16 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Develop common-sense standards for obesity research

Obesity research is riddled with methodological problems that are rarely challenged, leading to the perpetuation of misinformation and interventions that do harm. Given the two-thirds of the population who are classified as higher weight and thus subject to these interventions, it is past time to clean up the basic scientific flaws in this research area. For a quick summary of a couple of these issues, see Poodle Science: ...more »

Submitted by (@dbdb00)

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24 net votes
44 up votes
20 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

A Systems Approach to Obesity

There is a need to use an integrated systems approach to obesity prevention and treatment. Obesity is a complex phenotype influenced by factors from the molecular to the socio-economic level. To address the causes and prevention of obesity, we need to integrate information at the molecular level with behavioral, social and environmental data. This will require investigators in molecular biology, genetics, epidemiology, ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

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97 net votes
138 up votes
41 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Single thing needed to prevent obesity: control the mouth

The cause of obesity is clear and simple: eating > needs, or in > out; that is, energy intake is greater than energy use. For the majority of the public, there is little genetic component to cause obesity or over weight. Rather, personal determination is the single thing that is needed to control body weight. Just control the mouth. Simple and easy, and free. Even for the most favorite food, the amount to eat should be ...more »

Submitted by (@eastcastlegeastcastle007)

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11 up votes
93 down votes
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