Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Effectiveness of three smoking cessation approaches

What is the comparative effectiveness and cost effectiveness of counseling plus nicotine replacement vs. counseling plus bupropion vs. counseling plus varenicline on smoking cessation rates, patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of life, sleep quality, exacerbations), and COPD and non-COPD morbidity/mortality?

Submitted by (@jkowalski)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Brief vs. teach-to-goal interventions in teaching patients with COPD to use inhalers

What is the comparative effectiveness of brief interventions to teach patients respiratory inhaler use (e.g., verbal and written instructions) vs. teach-to-goal interventions (brief interventions plus demonstration of correct technique, patient teach-back, feedback, and repeat instruction if needed) on respiratory inhaler technique and patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of ...more »

Submitted by (@jimandmarynelson)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Leverage Information Technology to Improve Patient Safety in Surgery

Progress toward a six-sigma level of safety (already achieved in commercial aviation) has been slow in medicine and surgery. The best cardiac surgery program operates at only 3.5 sigma level. In order to acceletate this process, it is critical to leveage recent advances in information technology, including but not limited to natural language processing (NLP), advanced speech recognition, artificial intelligence.

Submitted by (@marcozenati)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

The effect of continuous LTOT in COPD targeting fixed oxygen flow rates vs. oxygen saturation on patient-reported outcomes

What is the comparative effectiveness of prescribing continuous LTOT in COPD that targets fixed oxygen flow rates vs. oxygen saturation on patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of life, sleep quality, exacerbations)?

Submitted by (@amutso)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

treating sleep apnea without a nose or facial mask

I am lucky to still be alive. I developed heart failure at 41. I turn 60 this month. For the last five years, doctors have tried to get me on a CPAP. I have told them that I'd rather die. I have absolutely no interest in sleeping with a darth vader mask or some strange thing strapped to my nose. Furthermore I had sinus surgery 30 years ago that only partiallly cleared my sinus passage. So forcing air up my nose is very ...more »

Submitted by (@chriscage)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Palliative and hospice care for COPD patients

Does palliative care and/or hospice care as practiced across communities improve end-of-life care for COPD – specifically, does it reduce the burden of symptoms, improve HRQoL and satisfaction, reduce utilization in last 6 months of life (i.e. hospital visits, cost, invasive ventilation use, etc), improve the end-of-life experience, and increase the concordance of place of death to expressed patient preferences?

Submitted by (@k.willard)

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Goal 4: Develop Workforce and Resources

Creating research infrastructure through supporting the development of biorepositories and registries for rare lung diseases

Progress in rare lung diseases, such as interstitial lung diseases, has been hampered by a lack of patient-derived samples in large enough quantities or high-enough quality for systematic study. This is due to the inability of individual centers to recruit enough patients, and because of the varied samples each center obtains. Collecting, preparing, and storing such samples is not fundable by the NHLBI because it is not ...more »

Submitted by (@docew0)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Definitive Evidence of the Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation

What is the clinical effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in reducing hospital admissions and readmissions, improving health outcomes such as exercise tolerance and dyspnea, and positively impacting patient centered outcomes. Does this effectiveness vary based on the types of settings rehab is conducted in, urban vs rural environments, the components to the program, the timing of the program and the overall support ...more »

Submitted by (@gacdk0)

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