Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nma120)

Understanding of chronobiological systems

We know that all life functions are based on circadian and other rhythms; chronobiological systems are interdependent in intricate ways. Disturbances and disorders in one part of a system may affect other vital systems in unexpected but far-reaching ways. Many aspects of circadian rhythms and sleep-wake regulation in normal, healthy humans have been charted. Much of the knowledge thus gained is assumed to be valid also ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@rwing0)

Developing approaches to the dissemination of behavioral weight loss programs

The Challenge is to make behavioral weight loss programs readily available to he many overweight and obese patients who need them. Behaivoral weight loss programs are effective in producing weight losses of 7-10% of initial body weight, which has been shown to have major beneficial effects on a number of diseases relevant to NHLBI--including hypertension and sleep apnea. However, at present, these programs are not widely ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nancyh.rothstein)

Screening for SDB and Sleep Disorders in School-Aged Chidren by School Nurses

Can school nurses effectively screen for SDB and Sleep Disorders in school aged children? Who else in the school setting could provide such screening? Should such screening be limited to "at risk" children who display identified markers, or be open to all children? What is the role of teachers to "identify" children in need of such screening? What role will such screening serve to mitigate learning, behavioral, developmental ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@jimandmarynelson)

Brief vs. teach-to-goal interventions in teaching patients with COPD to use inhalers

What is the comparative effectiveness of brief interventions to teach patients respiratory inhaler use (e.g., verbal and written instructions) vs. teach-to-goal interventions (brief interventions plus demonstration of correct technique, patient teach-back, feedback, and repeat instruction if needed) on respiratory inhaler technique and patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of ...more »

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