Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@media0)

THE RELEVANCE OF PREVENTION TRIALS

Prevention trials, implemented to reduce or delay progression to overt disease in a population at risk to the disease, are an important approach to health promotion. Therapies shown to reduce disease severity in patients with a specific disease are obvious, but not the only, candidates for a prevention trial in populations at high risk for prevalent diseases (such as heart failure, diabetes, COPD, asthma in children). ...more »

Voting

7 net votes
10 up votes
3 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@media0)

Building a bridge - new approaches to dissemination

There is a need to fundamentally rethink the approach to translation and dissemination of clinical trial results. The current approach relegates dissemination as a side effect to the end of a trial and does not require sufficient funds be set aside to conduct adequate outreach. As a result, it takes up to 17 years for the results of trials to be adopted and used in everyday practice. It is time for a new model which re-prioritizes ...more »

Voting

2 net votes
4 up votes
2 down votes
Active

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Phase III efficacy trials of tuberculosis drugs

1) Phase III efficacy trials of new tuberculosis drugs (e.g., bedaquiline, delamanid, PA-824) that have shown promise in early phase studies for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. 2) Phase III efficacy trials of new and existing tuberculosis drugs to development very short course regimens (3-4 months). 3) Phase III efficacy trials of new and existing drugs for treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in contacts of ...more »

Voting

1 net vote
1 up votes
0 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Community Trials for Cardiovascular Health Enhancement

There is a need to initiate innovative community trials that are: theory-based; are integrated multi-component, multi-setting, and multi-level (i.e., they target individual, family, community, and built environment); engage community stakeholders; and use community-participatory research principles to enhance cardiovascular health (CVH) in vulnerable and diverse populations.

Voting

-1 net votes
9 up votes
10 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@javed.butler)

Improving the conduct of cardiovascular clinical trial

There are increasing demands on clinicians for clinical productivity and increasing both clinical and research regulatory requirement. A paralle trend is an increase in clinical trials being conducting outside of US, which is a significant concern in terms of US participation and data applicability to US patients, and the quality of trials data from other regions. These trends have multiple roots spanning from patients ...more »

Voting

2 net votes
3 up votes
1 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@rebecca.lehotzky)

Obstacles to the timely completion of clinical trials

There are numerous obstacles to the timely completion of trials, and there is a crisis in US enrollment rates. Overcoming barriers to timely completion of clinical trials would have a profound impact on accelerating research translation to improving health. Clinical investigations are necessary to advance the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cures of human disease. The rate of basic scientific discovery has overwhelmed ...more »

Voting

6 net votes
8 up votes
2 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@rollmanbl)

Interventions to Reduce Low-Value Care

In 2010, the IOM issued a report stating that waste accounted for 30% of health-care spending, or some $750 billion dollars annually, approximately 25 times the annual NIH budget. How can we address and avoid waste and low-value care? Like any complex problem, there are myriad causes and no simple solutions. Defensive medicine, financial incentives, and physician knowledge deficits all contribute and represent potential ...more »

Voting

3 net votes
12 up votes
9 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Increased receptivity to probative programmatic trials

We believe there should be greater openness to large, simple trials that answer clear questions of interest (e.g. does giving children more fruits and vegetables while changing nothing else lead to weight loss?; does eating breakfast regularly lead to weight loss?; etc.). The conduct of such trials may sometimes be expensive but can sometimes be only modestly costly if they are kept simple. However, it is difficult to ...more »

Voting

0 net votes
1 up votes
1 down votes
Active

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Lung Transplantation

Although the majority of lung recipients experience significant health improvement, they also frequently face serious symptom distress, impaired physical functioning and poor quality of life due to post-transplant morbidity, such as chronic rejection, infection and multiple side-effects of immunosuppression. a) Conduct clinical trials of interventions designed to maximize clinicians' support of patients' self-management ...more »

Voting

1 net vote
1 up votes
0 down votes
Active