Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the molecular mechanisms of lung injury, and how do they differ in children?

Both adults and children have significant morbidity and mortality due to lung injury, but have different etiologies and outcomes. It is possible that the underlying pathobiology in the two groups is different. There are no targeted therapies for lung injury, indicating that the cause is still not understood.

Submitted by (@rft2106)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Hand Held Device to treat PTSD and Traumatic Brain Injury

Undo Obesity, Now! Hand Held Electronic Device to Treat Obesity Undo PTSD/TBI Hand held vagus nerve stimulator for PTSD and traumatic brain injury PTSD may be similar to depression and epilepsy. Traumatic brain injury may relate to nerve injury and nerve inflammation Vagus nerve stimulation causes nerve function regeneration. Vagus nerve stimulation stops inflammation. Vagus nerve stimulation treats depression. Vagus ...more »

Submitted by (@chrislahr22)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Novel methods to diagnose and treat microvascular ischemia

Microvascular ischemia is common, particularly in the setting of critical illness. We need better ways to evaluate, diagnose and treat these conditions, whether they relate to microvascular myocardial ischemia, as a primary diagnosis of complication of other acute illness, or non-myocardial ischemia during the course of surgery, injury, infection or acute illness.

Submitted by (@greg.martin)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

RFA on EC-cardiomyocyte interactions in the mechanisms and treatments of cardiovascular diseases

Often under recognized, the cardiac endothelial cells are highly abundant in the heart, and may have important roles in modulating cardiac function, besides simply serving as structural component of blood vessels. Evidences of ours and others have indicated an emerging role of cardiac endothelial cells signaling to cardiomyocytes to mediate important pathophysiological responses. Nonetheless, detailed mechanisms of ...more »

Submitted by (@hcai00)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Mechanical interaction of the cerebral vascular system with the brain parenchyma during mild traumatic brain injury

Dangerous mechanical interaction of the cerebral vascular system with the brain parenchyma during mild traumatic brain injury from either a blast wave or from impact may result from a combination of shear and compression deformation waves that causes non-diffusive extracellular fluid motion. Measure the mechanical response, to a combination of shear and compressive deformation, of animal model specimens containing the ...more »

Submitted by (@haslach)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Spinal Cord Injury: hype, unmet promises, and misery which does not need to be

Research to "fix" spinal cord injury in humans, has been insanely hyped, rare in reality, and very disappointing in its clinical applicability to human patients. After a parade of rat models, mouse models, cat models, dog models, African green monkey models, pig models, guinea pig models, hamster models, rabbit models, gerbil models, etc. one wonders whether most researchers or funders will ever have any interest in ...more »

Submitted by (@mgwmgw)

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the mechanisms of lung injury after HCT

Despite major advances in supportive care and tissue typing non relapse mortality rates for adults undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation are still between 15-20 % at 2 years. Lung injury and respiratory failure is a major causes of death after HCT. Although the BMT-CTN has a focused agenda on GVHD, reduction of lung toxicities will be important to improve outcomes. NHLBI should encourage researched from the ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Hypothermia and hemostasis after severe trauma

There is a need to employ new molecular tools to delineate the difference between beneficial and uncontrolled shock-induced hypothermia, because data on hypothermia and hemostasis are incomplete or lacking, especially on the duration, depth and type of hypothermia.

 

availability of targeted resource grant funding

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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