Goal 1: Promote Human Health

To expand knowledge of the molecular and physiological mechanisms governing the normal function of heart, lung, blood, and sleep systems as essential elements for sustaining human health.

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

The coupling of mechanical stress to biochemistry, molecular biology and electrophysiology

Cells aren’t beakers holding soluble reactants waiting to be mixed. Cells are structured objects where life forms as a flow of free energy between three pools: chemical, electrical and mechanical. Most papers in the literature ignore structure (except of Xray or EM of specific proteins) and almost all ignore the coupling of mechanics to the other pools. Cells cannot be studied with in vitro experiments. We can study single ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@jnoel0)

ELUCIDATING BASIC MECHANISMS OF SLEEP DEFICIENCY AND CIRCADIAN DISRUPTION ON HEALTH THROUGH THE LIFESPAN

There are developing data from clinical studies that sleep deficiency and circadian disruption have multiple adverse consequences for health. The clinical data provide the base for mechanistic studies. Studies in animal models indicate that both circadian disruption and insufficient sleep later gene expression in peripheral tissues. Moreover, the effect of sleep loss in molecular changes in brain changes with age. ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Engineering Healthy Lungs

What tools and knowledge are required to engineer healthy lungs? Can we engineer lungs and/or successfully modify cadaveric donor lungs using our understanding of matrix biology and lung development to provide a durable effective organ replacement therapy for patients with advanced lung disease?

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@rpate0)

Prevention of Obesity

What are the behavioral factors that predispose to excessive weight gain and development of obesity? And, which intervention strategies can effectively prevent excessive weight gain and obesity? NHLBI, other NIH institutes and the society at-large have invested heavily in research and clinical practice aimed at treatment of obesity (i.e, weight loss in those who are already overweight). However, much less research ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@jnoel0)

Identify genetic variants of sleep/circadian disorders

Most aspects of variation in sleep and circadian rhythm are heritable. Moreover, all common sleep disorders aggregate in families. The response to sleep loss is also a highly heritable trait. Identifying gene variants for these disorders will elaborate new molecular pathways that could be targets for future interventions.

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