(@nareg.roubinian)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Anemia, oxygen delivery, and red blood cell transfusion

In neonatal, pediatric, and adult patients with critical illness, what is the best means to identify: (1) the degree to which anemia contributes to insufficient oxygen (O2) delivery and (2) the likelihood that O2 delivery will be improved by red blood cell (RBC) transfusion? These questions are most relevant to critically ill populations that exhibit unique physiology, including those with low cardiac output (cardiac ...more »

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40 net votes
54 up votes
14 down votes
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(@hulbertm)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Identification and validation of surrogate endpoints for long-term morbidity in Sickle Cell Disease

Research in sickle cell disease (SCD) has mostly focused on preventing or treating acute medical events, such as vaso-occlusive pain, acute chest syndrome, and, in pediatric patients, acute strokes. Chronic SCD complications such as chronic kidney disease or pulmonary hypertension, develop over decades, thus are poor choices for clinical trial endpoints. There is a great need to develop surrogate endpoints that predict ...more »

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13 net votes
16 up votes
3 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Exercise effects on cellular level

What cellular and/or intracellular signaling events are activated in response to acute or chronic physical activity that lead to or explain improvements in health outcomes, prevention, or treatment of lung diseases?

Which metabolic signatures induced by exercise/physical activity would be predictive/ associated with poor lung disease prognosis?

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18 net votes
32 up votes
14 down votes
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(@coretta.jenerette)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Follow-up care for newborns diagnosed with sickle cell trait or disease

• There is a need to develop and support formal programs to provide follow-up care for newborns who test positive for the sickle cell trait or sickle cell disease upon screening. While newborn screening programs exist nationwide, healthcare providers report that often, screening is conducted only upon request (likely related to cost) and there is usually no follow-up afterwards. Interventions are also needed further ...more »

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14 net votes
17 up votes
3 down votes
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(@xuejunparsons)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Embedding the future of regenerative medicine into the open epigenomic landscape of pluripotent human embryonic stem cells

Large-scale profiling of developmental regulators and histone modifications by genome-wide approaches have provided powerful genome-wide, high-throughput, and high resolution techniques that lead to great advances in our understanding of the global phenomena of human developmental processes. However, without a practical strategy to convert pluripotent cells direct into a specific lineage, previous studies are limited ...more »

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-24 net votes
9 up votes
33 down votes
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(@gko000)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Role of epigenetic mechanisms in cardiovascular disease

Are epigenetic changes the cause or the consequence of changes in cell function that contribute to cardiovascular disease? If they are the cause, what are the mechanisms that lead to changes and how do they impact disease pathogenesis? If the consequence, do they play any role in disease pathogenesis? What methods can be used to test if epigenetic changes play a causal role in disease pathogenesis? Thus far studies ...more »

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21 net votes
28 up votes
7 down votes
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