Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Ranking Impact of Dietary Changes on Reducing cardiovascular disease Risk

Of the components of DASH diet, which dietary changes have the greatest impact on reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors?

How can we rank the relative health effects of individual dietary changes such as reducing sodium, increasing fiber, reducing saturated/trans fats, etc. to identify where to target interventions for promoting initial dietary changes?

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

The missing ingredient in diet and cardiovascular disease prevention research

Determining the dietary patterns and dietary constituents that are most effective in preventing cardiovascular disease events. In addition to the obvious challenge of limited resources, the challenge is overcoming the tension between desire for comparable data produced from low-cost tools and need for higher quality data. Many studies continue using low-cost self-reported diet assessment instruments that produce data ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Building Effective Interventions for Heart-Healthy Eating

What translational science approaches are best able to test individual, community, and environmental approaches for increasing adherence to heart-healthy dietary recommendations, such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet? What are the most effective types of interventions (e.g., personal coaching, print material, interactive internet content, faith-based community programs, campaigns) and tools ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What is the role of diet and nutrition in treatment, management and prevention of Heart Failure?

Heart Failure (HF) remains a major public health burden. A working group was convened by NHLBI and ODS in June, 2013 to address the role of diet and nutrition in management of HF. A review of existing evidence produced no clear rationale for appropriate dietary interventions. On the contrary, the group developed recommendations for conducting additional research specifically on the role of sodium, fluid, nutrients, and ...more »

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Achieving accurate and valid dietary assessment for implementing precsion prevention

Combine objective measures and biomarkers of dietary intake to identify dietary deficiencies/excesses that contribute to risk for cardiometabolic diseases. Technological, statistical and methodological advances in diet assessment are increasingly making it possible to identify the nutrients/phytochemicals/ that contribute to risk factor development in individuals and populations. Interdisciplinary studies are needed to ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Move beyond the use of self-report for dietary intake quantification

There is a need to move beyond the use of self-report for dietary intake quantification towards funding the development of new technology and broader use of objective measures. There is no question that the effects of diet on health, quality of life, and longevity are of great interest to many and plausibly of great importance. Because of that, tremendous research resources have been provided to study this topic. Given ...more »

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