Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@klk370)

Basic understanding on the mechanisms of overeating

We have an in depth understanding of the effects nutrients and diet have on the development of chronic disease, yet very little research funding has gone to understanding the basic mechanisms of eating behavior and how to successful change diet. There are currently no study sections at NIH that specialize in nutrition and/or human eating behavior, and therefore proposals in this subject area get farmed out to other study ...more »

Voting

-3 net votes
17 up votes
20 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Natural Experiments and Obesity

How can approaches, such as natural experiments, be used to capture the evolution and impact of policies/environmental change that are related to obesity? There needs to be a mechanism that can quickly support the funding of natural experiment research. For instance, NIDDK and NICHD participate in a rapid response PAR that funds natural experiments in a timely manner. It only takes about 4 months from when the application ...more »

Voting

32 net votes
62 up votes
30 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Increased receptivity to probative programmatic trials

We believe there should be greater openness to large, simple trials that answer clear questions of interest (e.g. does giving children more fruits and vegetables while changing nothing else lead to weight loss?; does eating breakfast regularly lead to weight loss?; etc.). The conduct of such trials may sometimes be expensive but can sometimes be only modestly costly if they are kept simple. However, it is difficult to ...more »

Voting

0 net votes
1 up votes
1 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Public-Private Partnerships to Improve Nutrition & Reduce Obesity

How can we best encourage and support collaborations between academic researchers and industry partners to test strategies for changing nutritional choices and eating behaviors to healthier patterns that can improve obesity rates? Subquestions include issues around adopting healthier food choices in a variety of environments, effects of diet alteration, the methods and effects of enhancing healthier food flavors, understanding ...more »

Voting

54 net votes
96 up votes
42 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Greater reliance on stronger observational study designs when true RCTs are not an option

With some notable exceptions, the space in between OATs and pure RCEs is seen, at least in obesity research, as a void. Such a constrained view inappropriately lumps together valid evidence from strong, non-randomized designs with evidence from weak designs that permit little causal inference. There are additional methods occupying that intermediary space of strength of causal inference. If we can encourage the use of ...more »

Voting

1 net vote
2 up votes
1 down votes
Active

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Using Genomics to Predict Response to Weight Loss Interventions

Weight loss in response to interventions (both short term and long term maintenance) varies widely between individuals. What is the optimal use of the current molecular arsenal (genomics, metabolomics, expression arrays, etc.) to accurately predict individuals that will respond favorably to specific weight loss strategies?

Voting

0 net votes
27 up votes
27 down votes
Active

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@eastcastlegeastcastle007)

Single thing needed to prevent obesity: control the mouth

The cause of obesity is clear and simple: eating > needs, or in > out; that is, energy intake is greater than energy use. For the majority of the public, there is little genetic component to cause obesity or over weight. Rather, personal determination is the single thing that is needed to control body weight. Just control the mouth. Simple and easy, and free. Even for the most favorite food, the amount to eat should be ...more »

Voting

-82 net votes
11 up votes
93 down votes
Active

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@dsd110)

Individually-Tailored Approaches to Manage Perinatal Weight Gain to Improve Maternal and Infant Health

Managing perinatal weight gain is a major challenge in research and practice. More women enter pregnancy already overweight or obese which increases the risks for morbidity and mortality for both mother and baby. Novel strategies are needed to effectively manage weight gain in this population. This may include infusing engineering principles and dynamical modeling to better understand the complex interactions of biological ...more »

Voting

24 net votes
34 up votes
10 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@dbdb00)

Develop common-sense standards for obesity research

Obesity research is riddled with methodological problems that are rarely challenged, leading to the perpetuation of misinformation and interventions that do harm. Given the two-thirds of the population who are classified as higher weight and thus subject to these interventions, it is past time to clean up the basic scientific flaws in this research area. For a quick summary of a couple of these issues, see Poodle Science: ...more »

Voting

24 net votes
44 up votes
20 down votes
Active

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Move toward more probative research

As some of us described in a recent publication, in the fields of nutrition and obesity, and perhaps in other fields as well, there is often a great deal of research which uses up resources, investigator time, journal pages, and attention span for questions that do not advance the field. We call for scientists, reviewers, and funding decision makers to collectively ask much more rigorously, "How will this proposed study ...more »

Voting

1 net vote
2 up votes
1 down votes
Active

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@ryandh)

Optimizing weight loss

For patients with obesity and medical comorbidities, what is the optimal approach utilizing multiple therapies (low calorie structured diet, intensive lifestyle, weight loss medications) in combination to optimize weight loss?

Voting

34 net votes
84 up votes
50 down votes
Active