Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Improving heart, lung, blood, sleep Health Outcomes for Minority and Underserved Men

What are the best strategies to improve implementation of evidence-based practices (EBP) to enhance effective health risk communication strategies among racial and ethnic minority males and underserved men? Examples of several issues that need to be addressed are: • Need for better definition of the role of families/communities in EBP (as co-therapists). • Requires less system fragmentation • Need for improved measurement, ...more »

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

The effect of continuous LTOT in COPD targeting fixed oxygen flow rates vs. oxygen saturation on patient-reported outcomes

What is the comparative effectiveness of prescribing continuous LTOT in COPD that targets fixed oxygen flow rates vs. oxygen saturation on patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of life, sleep quality, exacerbations)?

Submitted by (@amutso)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Brief vs. teach-to-goal interventions in teaching patients with COPD to use inhalers

What is the comparative effectiveness of brief interventions to teach patients respiratory inhaler use (e.g., verbal and written instructions) vs. teach-to-goal interventions (brief interventions plus demonstration of correct technique, patient teach-back, feedback, and repeat instruction if needed) on respiratory inhaler technique and patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of ...more »

Submitted by (@jimandmarynelson)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Definitive Evidence of the Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation

What is the clinical effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in reducing hospital admissions and readmissions, improving health outcomes such as exercise tolerance and dyspnea, and positively impacting patient centered outcomes. Does this effectiveness vary based on the types of settings rehab is conducted in, urban vs rural environments, the components to the program, the timing of the program and the overall support ...more »

Submitted by (@gacdk0)

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Improving longterm outcomes after surgery for congenital heart disease

Survival has improved but neurobehavioral disabilty remains a common complication with adverse impacts on quality of life, educational and occupational attainments, and resource utilization. There is increasing evidence that brain development is abnormal, and leads to a rrisk of peri-operative brain injury. Studies are needed to; 1. Further define the prevalence and spectrum of neurobehavioral disability. 2, Understand ...more »

Submitted by (@gaynor)

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Can we leverage exisiting registries to perform prospective trials and advance reduce the cost of doing research?

Current costs for multicenter randomized or non randomized trials are astronomical, and a major obstacle to rapid implementation of potential lifesaving discoveries. In the field of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) their is a federal mandate to have a treatment outcome registry. Funds should be made available to leverage that registry to perform prospective trials either randomized or not since HCT programs need ...more »

Submitted by (@giralts)

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