(@greg.martin)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Vascular biology and the pathophysiology of sepsis

Unravel the cellular & molecular mechanisms related to the vascular biology of sepsis and related cardiovascular collapse. The goal is to develop a new scientific framework for the prevention of sepsis related morbidity and mortality by applying novel approaches to discover new targets for biomarkers and therapy by promoting multidisciplinary research required for scientific cross-talk between complementary research disciplines... more »

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4 net votes
8 up votes
4 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Host and environmental factors effect on transplantation biology and regenerative medicine

How does inflammation and cell injury induce the immune system during transplant rejection? How do we control immune responses to enable cell- and tissue-regenerative strategies? • How does inflammation and cell injury induce the immune system during transplant rejection? • How do we control immune responses to enable cell and tissue regenerative strategies? • How do we use iPS cell based and gene editing based therapies... more »

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34 net votes
48 up votes
14 down votes
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(@greg.martin)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Novel methods to diagnose and treat microvascular ischemia

Microvascular ischemia is common, particularly in the setting of critical illness. We need better ways to evaluate, diagnose and treat these conditions, whether they relate to microvascular myocardial ischemia, as a primary diagnosis of complication of other acute illness, or non-myocardial ischemia during the course of surgery, injury, infection or acute illness.

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0 net votes
2 up votes
2 down votes
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(@janssen.10)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Human Heart Systems Biology

In the human failing heart, it is the systems biology that ultimately fails: electrical, mechanical, and chemical perturbations in their function do not manifest in isolation, but critically impact on each other in health and disease. Investigation of human myocardium, unlike inbred rodent models, is challenging since no two humans are identical. There is a need for the collection and assessment of clinical patient data,... more »

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6 net votes
13 up votes
7 down votes
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(@wchilian)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Intersecting Developmental Biology with Vascular Physiology and Biology

Although many think of the vasculature as a lump sum of vessels that all react in a similar fashion to a certain stimulus, e.g., alpha-adrenergic activation, this is not the situation. For example, coronary resistance vessels show little to no direct response to alpha-adrenergic activation while resistance vessels in most organs show marked constriction. Another example is the response of different vessels to angioplasty... more »

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15 net votes
26 up votes
11 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

The effects of environmental factors on heart, lung, blood, sleep disease development across the lifespan

How do growth, development, exposure, and behavior affect heart, lung, blood, sleep disease development and outcome throughout the lifespan?

 

How do you improve organ function/capacity during childhood?

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12 net votes
32 up votes
20 down votes
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(@apollia112)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Do our modern "traditional" sleep schedules defy nature?

Here's an interesting article which shows that the modern tradition of eight hours of unbroken sleep might actually be unnatural, and quite different from what our ancestors typically did: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-16964783 So, maybe the majority of our modern societies (even the people without recognized sleep disorders) are unwisely fighting against biology? Perhaps a lot of people's health issues, such as... more »

Voting

5 net votes
23 up votes
18 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Human normal variation and resilience across lifespan

What is the measureable normal human variation at the -omic, cellular, organ, and system levels within the population and across the lifespan? • What are the range of normal human cellular functions that create resilience at all levels—cells, organs, organ systems? • What inter-organ, tissue, and cellular communications maintain individual health and the health of populations? • How do we understand why individuals with... more »

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19 net votes
26 up votes
7 down votes
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(@chuck.sanders)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Bringing Personalized Biochemistry and Biophysics to Bear on Problems of Personalized Heart, Lung and Blood Medicine

Precision medicine will provide unprecedented opportunities to tailor health care based on knowledge of personal patterns of genetic variations. These variations usually impact protein or RNA sequences, resulting in altered properties. These alterations can result in increased susceptibility to a particular disease or intolerance to common therapeutics. To take full advantage of knowing a patient’s set of gene variations,... more »

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-2 net votes
9 up votes
11 down votes
Active
(@psaty0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

How to maximize the opportunities and promise of emerging omics research? Develop scientific commons

In the late 20th century, the NHLBI cohorts were created as separate entities with specific research goals. The NHLBI’s funding of GWAS served as a powerful incentive for collaboration among the NHLBI-funded cohort studies. The creation of a scientific commons would provide a major national resource comprising the participants, their deeply phenotyped data, their biological samples, and the investigator expertise to... more »

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6 net votes
20 up votes
14 down votes
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(@jnoel0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

UNDERSTANDING SLEEP AND CIRCADIAN DISORDERS AT A BASIC MECHANISTIC LEVEL

We need to understand sleep and circadian disorders at a more mechanistic level. This applies to both the pathogenesis of these disorders and to their impact on health. New neurobiological and molecular tools facilitate this research. The focus needs to be not only in brain but also the impact of these disorders on future of peripheral organs. The elucidation of the fundamental functions of sleep and the impact of... more »

Voting

179 net votes
232 up votes
53 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

A Systems Approach - Human Cardiac Electromechanical Activity

The challenge is to identify limitations in using data from non-human animal species for elucidation of human electromechanical function/activity and to identify what specific information and computational approaches need to be incorporated. To aid in achieving such a goal, it might be useful to convene a series of workshops to build consensus and improve communication among investigators working at the same horizontal... more »

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7 net votes
20 up votes
13 down votes
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(@yyzhao)

Goal 4: Develop Workforce and Resources

Establishment of an independent study section on Pulmonary Vascular Biology and Translational Research

The research on pulmonary vascular biology including smooth muscle cell biology and endothelial cell biology and related pulmonary vascular diseases such as pulmonary hypertension and related right heart failure, and endothelial dysfunction in lung vascular inflammation and acute lung injury, as well as pulmonary embolism and lung transplantation has been rapidly expanding. The field is attracting an ever increasing... more »

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23 net votes
50 up votes
27 down votes
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(@ckevil)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Redox regulation of cardiovascular and lung disease through thiols

Redox imbalance as represented by alterations in oxidative versus reductive stresses are well appreciated to occur during nearly all forms of cardiovascular and lung diseases. However, specific molecular mechanisms responsible for these changes remain largely unknown and poorly organized. Study of redox biology principals has revealed that protein cysteine thiols are a unique target for redox posttranslational modifications... more »

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-5 net votes
5 up votes
10 down votes
Active