(@wheeze)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Behavioral Science in Asthma Clinical Research

As the current chair of the Research and Training Division, I would like to convey that the AAAAI membership would like the NHLBI to consider the following in the development of its strategic plan:

 

Will integration of behavior science in clinical research improve effectiveness of interventions for asthma associated with behavioral risk factors? 

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-5 net votes
8 up votes
13 down votes
Active
(@gacdk0)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Definitive Evidence of the Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation

What is the clinical effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in reducing hospital admissions and readmissions, improving health outcomes such as exercise tolerance and dyspnea, and positively impacting patient centered outcomes. Does this effectiveness vary based on the types of settings rehab is conducted in, urban vs rural environments, the components to the program, the timing of the program and the overall support... more »

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9 net votes
12 up votes
3 down votes
Active
(@skrenrich)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Clinical Trials & Duplicative Regulatory Standards

The initiation of clinical trials remains difficult, time-consuming, and costly. Repetitive institutional review board oversight is one of several obstacles to efficient clinical trial initiation and completion. New strategies for addressing duplicative regulatory standards are necessary to ease the initiation and completion of trials.

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5 net votes
6 up votes
1 down votes
Active
(@javed.butler)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Improving the conduct of cardiovascular clinical trial

There are increasing demands on clinicians for clinical productivity and increasing both clinical and research regulatory requirement. A paralle trend is an increase in clinical trials being conducting outside of US, which is a significant concern in terms of US participation and data applicability to US patients, and the quality of trials data from other regions. These trends have multiple roots spanning from patients... more »

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2 net votes
3 up votes
1 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Comparison of CAC-based Strategy versus AHA/ACC Guidelines

There is a need for a randomized primary prevention trial comparing the effectiveness of cholesterol treatment strategies based on a high CAC score versus the AHA/ACC 10-year cardiovascular disease risk tool. Include cost-effectiveness as well as clinical effectiveness as endpoints.

Voting

-8 net votes
4 up votes
12 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Behavioral and Clinical Researcher Interactions

A critical challenge is the need to bring together basic behavioral scientists interested in understanding human behavior at a fundamental level, including how and why people become motivated and capable of undertaking behavioral changes, with clinical researchers interested in developing and testing new strategies for tackling resistant behavioral problems such as obesity and non-adherence.

Voting

20 net votes
52 up votes
32 down votes
Active
(@meaton)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Support for Cardiothoracic Surgery and Pediatric Heart Clinical Trial Networks

Continued and expanded support for the Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network (CTSN) and Pediatric Heart Network (PHN) is essential as both design, conduct, and analyze multiple, collaborative clinical trials that evaluate surgical interventions, and related management approaches for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. To date both networks have reported on and developed a portfolio of studies which need continued... more »

Voting

108 net votes
151 up votes
43 down votes
Active
(@collerb)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Validating surrogate/intermediate clinical outcome endpoints for ST segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI)

The introduction of troponin assays has changed the criteria for myocardial infarction (MI), with much smaller myocardial damage now classified as an MI. Since to date, the FDA has not approved new agents based on their decreasing size of an MI, regulatory approval has required endpoints like death or heart failure that require large numbers of patients and long periods of time. Thus, it is difficult to attract industry... more »

Voting

1 net vote
2 up votes
1 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Embedding Clinical Trials in Learning Health Systems

What are the best methods for using genotype information and other EMR data to randomize heart, lung, blood, sleep patients to different treatment strategies? One big challenge is how to consent patients for this sort of trial. Must patients be consented separately for every such trial or could there be blanket consent for participating in the learning health care model? This would also require a paradigm shift in how... more »

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4 net votes
15 up votes
11 down votes
Active
(@rebecca.lehotzky)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Obstacles to the timely completion of clinical trials

There are numerous obstacles to the timely completion of trials, and there is a crisis in US enrollment rates. Overcoming barriers to timely completion of clinical trials would have a profound impact on accelerating research translation to improving health. Clinical investigations are necessary to advance the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cures of human disease. The rate of basic scientific discovery has overwhelmed... more »

Voting

6 net votes
8 up votes
2 down votes
Active
(@rollmanbl)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Interventions to Reduce Low-Value Care

In 2010, the IOM issued a report stating that waste accounted for 30% of health-care spending, or some $750 billion dollars annually, approximately 25 times the annual NIH budget. How can we address and avoid waste and low-value care? Like any complex problem, there are myriad causes and no simple solutions. Defensive medicine, financial incentives, and physician knowledge deficits all contribute and represent potential... more »

Voting

3 net votes
12 up votes
9 down votes
Active
(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Improving Drug Safety through Precompetitive Research

The lack of transparency in Pharma clinical studies and the incomplete knowledge of the effect of genetic profiles and pharmacological factors on drug toxicities are challenges in decreasing drug development costs and increasing drug safety.

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-4 net votes
13 up votes
17 down votes
Active