It is estimated that up to 28% of the population suffer from sleep apnea, which impairs functioning and reduces quality of life, while increasing risk of accidents and a variety of cardiovascular, metabolic, and neuropsychiatric diseases. A large portion of sleep apnea cases are caused by abnormal oro-nasal-maxillo-mandibular features that result in crowding of the upper airway, making it vulnerable to collapsing or... more »
How do we support large cohort studies over many years in terms of retention of subjects, manpower, funding, and appropriate outcome tools?
Utilization of well characterized cohort studies and clinical trials to conduct ancillary scientific studies on pathophysiology, responses to treatment, and identify new ways to predict and treat disease. Restore the Ancillary Studies mechanism. Improved biobanks and data sharing platforms are needed. Facilitate public-private partnerships.
How best can NHLBI observational cohorts be utilized to study observational T4 Implementation Research among both general and vulnerable US populations?
Much of the current clinical research on sleep and circadian research depends on cohorts designed for other purposes. While this has been helpful, such studies have limitations. These limitations are related to availability of in-depth phenotyping data and questions as to whether individuals identified in population studies are equivalent to those who present clinically with specific disorders. These concerns could... more »