(@bradley.richmond)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

How can we better understand regional tissue heterogeneity in lung disease?

Many lung diseases (IPF, COPD) are characterized by marked heterogeneity at the tissue level. Unfortunately, most of the tools we currently employ to understand lung disease are unable to elucidate the mechanisms that result in regional heterogeneity. Clinical studies and animal models, while invaluable, generally assume that all lung tissue is similarly affected based on the presence or absence of diagnostic criteria... more »

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(@bcelli)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

COPD and co-morbidities

Society is ageing and chronic degenerative diseases including COPD are increasingly occurring together. The critical question is whether certain diseases occur together by chance or are they occurring together because they share pathobiological commonalities and mechanisms? This leads to a series of practical consequences and questions 1. Which diseases are occurring concurrent with COPD more than chance alone would... more »

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(@lungmatbio1)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Next Stage of COPD Discovery

1) Refinement of COPD subphenotypes for therapeutics, diagnostics and mechanistic interrogation. The NIH should encourage a strong focus on a) rigorous, mechanistically-reinforced definitions (chronic bronchitis, emphysema (with and without obstruction), frequent exacerbators, combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema) and 2) the development and optimization of animal model systems that replicate the different subphenotypes.... more »

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(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Clinicial studies of Azithromycin for COPD Treatment

Azithromycin is very effective at reducing exacerbations in COPD, but we do not understand the biological mechanism, i.e. anitbiotic effect versus antiinflammatory effect. Because we do not understand how it works (and because of the potential for side effects), azithromycin is not yet widely used. Clinical studies designed to answer this question would help us refine our therapeutic approach and may allow us to minimze... more »

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