NICHD has a human-animal interaction (HAI) research program dedicated to advancing knowledge of the health benefits and therapeutic uses of animals for children, but no comparable program exists for NIH research with adults. As many of the potential health benefits/therapeutic uses of companion animals relate directly to cardiovascular health (e.g., increased physical activity, reduced stress, reduced loneliness), NHLBI... more »
Better understand the consequences of drug interactions leading to QTc prolongation. About 1/3 of cardiac ICU patients develop QT prolongation and about 45% receive drugs that are possibly contributing to this problem. The full spectrum of contributors and causes, as well as the patient-centered and health-system-centered clinical outcomes, are not known.
What is the interplay of the micro- and macroenvironment and their effect on gene and protein expression and overall effect on phenotypes in HLBS systems?
Need for unbiased approaches for information capture. Technologies for capturing real time, dynamic and contextual information
It is beginning to be known that malignant cells interact with neighboring cells and the course of their malignancy is directed by those cells. It is also known that transplanted stem cells interact with nearby cells and acquire direction of maturation and cell type from those cells. In my experience in unpublished work, the nature of the materials that leukocytes and monocytes have encountered during their apheresis... more »
Often under recognized, the cardiac endothelial cells are highly abundant in the heart, and may have important roles in modulating cardiac function, besides simply serving as structural component of blood vessels. Evidences of ours and others have indicated an emerging role of cardiac endothelial cells signaling to cardiomyocytes to mediate important pathophysiological responses. Nonetheless, detailed mechanisms of... more »