Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung infections

The true prevalence of Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung infections remains incompletely understood, however several aspects of NTM lung disease prevalence are becoming more clear. NTM lung disease is currently more common in the U.S. than TB (by a factor of 3) and has consistently been shown to be increasing in prevalence. When viewed in the context of likely universal environmental NTM exposure this increasing ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Pulmonary Vascular Diseases

Does treatment with spironolactone improve outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (and/or pulmonary hypertension associated with diffuse parenchymal lung disease or COPD)? Spironolactone has been shown beneficial in CHF and many of the same mechanisms are at plan in RV failure from pulmonary hypertension. Again, no clear evidence whether this is a useful treatment or not, and no evidence to guide ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Sex and Race Differences in Replacement Lung Surfactant Efficacy

Baby boys and girls can respond quite differently to replacement lung surfactants given in response to neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. There are also variations in efficacy between babies of different races, in addition to the generally increased risk of NRDS in minority populations overall to lack of prenatal care or access to neonatal intensive care units. Increasing the availability of surfactant treatment ...more »

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the molecular mechanisms of lung injury, and how do they differ in children?

Both adults and children have significant morbidity and mortality due to lung injury, but have different etiologies and outcomes. It is possible that the underlying pathobiology in the two groups is different. There are no targeted therapies for lung injury, indicating that the cause is still not understood.

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Lung Transplantation

Although the majority of lung recipients experience significant health improvement, they also frequently face serious symptom distress, impaired physical functioning and poor quality of life due to post-transplant morbidity, such as chronic rejection, infection and multiple side-effects of immunosuppression. a) Conduct clinical trials of interventions designed to maximize clinicians' support of patients' self-management ...more »

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Research Opportunities in HLB to Facilitate Aging in Place

There is a need for greater evidence-based research over the next 5-10 years to reduce healthcare costs, reduce hospitalizations, and support older persons with significant heart, lung, blood, sleep conditions to remain in their private homes if feasible, if technology is utilized that fosters clinical and epidemiologic research.

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