Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What about the impact of regulation of genes in response to external stimulation on human health

We are focusing a lot on the genes that may be protective or harmful to our lives. But what about the regulation of genes in response to external stimulations, such as psychosocial and/or environmental, that are probably more accountable for whether we live healthier or not.

Submitted by (@jiang001)

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? : Compelling Question (CQ)

Details on the impact of addressing this CQ or CC :

Rationale: Years of research in the mind-heart field have set examples that looking at changes during dynamic stimulations (chronic, acute, and acute superimposed on chronic) are more meaningful for us to better understand how the body truly works. Therefore, research design in mimicking real dynamic process is necessary to truly capture the healthy or harmful phenotypes driven by genotypes. I suggest the NHLBI to establish a platform gathering resources to promote more sophisticated research from basic to clinical to better understand the underlying mechanisms of psychosocial impact on cardiovascular diseases that has come to a sizable problem for the human being in US and world wide.

Feasibility and challenges of addressing this CQ or CC :

We have performed researches that allow us to identify phenotypes that are only appearing under emotional stress testing. Currently we are examining whether certain intervention may modify these kinds of changes. Even our studies fail to demonstrate changes with intervention, the findings support future studies focusing on testing dynamic changes under stress that reflects daily living. Resting data obtained in laboratory does not truly represent what human beings experiences.

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea : Wei Jiang from Duke University

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

smoking cessation in rural and special populations

We are concerned about access to smoking cessation programs in populations that are hard to reach (rural) and who have other challenges (underserved/marginalized populations including people with serious mental illness). What kind of computer-based or mobile health technologies can assist these groups?

Submitted by (@anna.adachimejia)

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? : Compelling Question (CQ)

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea : Anna Adachi-Mejia for colleagues at Dartmouth

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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Impact of care coordination programs on depression detection and treatment in COPD patients

Does a care coordination program improve the detection and treatment of co-morbid depression in patients with COPD?

Submitted by (@eshattuck)

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? : Compelling Question (CQ)

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea : Edna Shattuck, COPD Foundation Patient Advocate

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17 up votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Sleep Paralysis must be better known to doctors, therapists, and the public

Sleep Paralysis (SP) is a very common (up to 40% of all people), yet little-known condition that is terrifying, and potentially traumatizing, especially to people who are unaware of this condition. It is critical that SP is better known by all doctors, therapists, and the public. Too many people are mistreated and misdiagnosed as psychotic or even demon possessed when they do not understand SP, or they hide the experience ...more »

Submitted by (@kendraz)

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? : Critical Challenge (CC)

Details on the impact of addressing this CQ or CC :

Worldwide, all cultures have created elaborate spiritual explanations for SP, many of which unnecessarily foster fear and superstition. Both fear and superstition could be greatly reduced by an objective understanding of SP and its remedies.

 

Examples of sleep paralysis being little known: In the current Coursera course, Sleep: Neurobiology, Medicine, and Society at the University of Michigan, which has many medical doctors and Phds as students, all the rare forms of sleep disorders were listed and discussed, except common Sleep Paralysis, which was never even mentioned.

 

When I personally experienced chronic SP 13 years ago, none of my doctors had heard of it. I had to do my own research to discover what it was and how to reduce it. In the meantime, when I shared the experiences of seeing fearful presences in my bedroom with my best friend, she became convinced I was possessed by an evil spirit and urged me to undergo a shamanic depossession ritual. Even after I explained to her that SP was common, she completely cut off all relationship with me out of her fear.

Feasibility and challenges of addressing this CQ or CC :

making Sleep Paralysis better known as a first step should be easily accomplished by requiring education on this topic for all medical personnel. In addition, a campaign to inform the public is needed.

 

Reducing stress and disturbed sleep are the baseline for reducing SP. These simple remedies should be easily communicated to the public.

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea : kendra zoa

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15 up votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Treating cardiovascular disease in persons with mental health disorders

How can we most effectively prevent and treat cardiovascular disease among persons with serious mental disorders?

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? : Compelling Question (CQ)

Details on the impact of addressing this CQ or CC :

Clinical anxiety disorders affects 40 million people in the US and the lifetime prevalence of PTSD is 6-8%,. The incidence of PTSD in particular is rapidly expanding in the US; this condition doubles the risk of a cardiac event.

 

The prevalence rates are higher in some populations; 3 out of 10 US military veterans have a diagnosis of PTSD, and many more are undiagnosed. Among patients at a VA, a diagnosis of PTSD increased the probability of circulatory problems (odds ratio 3.7). In another study, every additional PTSD symptom increased the risk of developing cardiovascular disease by 17%. Thus, the impact of developing more effective treatments adapted to the needs of this vulnerable population could be significant.

Feasibility and challenges of addressing this CQ or CC :

As the incidence of many mental health disorders such as PTSD and depression increases, the need for developing and adapting treatments for this population becomes critical.

 

Effective treatments may not be optimal for persons with serious mental illnesses and strategies to tailor treatments to the challenges of this vulnerable population are needed.

Individuals with mental illnesses such as major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders are at significantly higher risk for cardiovascular disease than are those without these illnesses. Those with serious mental illnesses die an average of 25 years earlier, frequently from cardiovascular disease. The incidence of PTSD is rapidly expanding in the US; this condition doubles the risk of cardiovascular events.

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea : NHLBI Staff

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30 up votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

e-cigarette and mental health

What is nicotine addiction in the absence of other materials? What cues are associated with smoking? We would like to see brain reward studies in special populations. We are also interested in understanding possible reduced harm in people who use e-cigarettes in cessation attempts, and understanding whether e-cigs are a gateway to other risky behaviors for young people who are experimenting.

Submitted by (@anna.adachimejia)

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? : Compelling Question (CQ)

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea : Anna Adachi-Mejia for colleagues at Dartmouth

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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Mental health and wellness in sickle cell disease

A growing concern among the sickle cell community surrounds the lack of mental health and wellness services. Many in the community deal with anxiety and depression. It is well known how intricately connected mental and physical health are. So if we know that stress can trigger a psychological crisis which in turn triggers a physical pain crisis, why do we not automatically include mental health services within patient ...more »

Submitted by (@sicklecellwarrior)

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? : Critical Challenge (CC)

Details on the impact of addressing this CQ or CC :

Many in the SCD community feel like providers do not take a proactive approach to mental health. A comprehensive approach to developing mental health and wellness services and programs provides an opportunity to address factors contributing to morbidity, and perhaps mortality, in the SCD community, outside of the hospital walls.

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea : Sickle Cell Warriors, Inc. community members

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38 up votes
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