(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Host and environmental factors effect on transplantation biology and regenerative medicine

How does inflammation and cell injury induce the immune system during transplant rejection? How do we control immune responses to enable cell- and tissue-regenerative strategies? • How does inflammation and cell injury induce the immune system during transplant rejection? • How do we control immune responses to enable cell and tissue regenerative strategies? • How do we use iPS cell based and gene editing based therapies... more »

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34 net votes
48 up votes
14 down votes
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(@murry0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Stem Cell Immunology

We now can create critical cell types like cardiomyocytes etc. from stem cells. Additionally, we are learning the rules of using these cells to rebuild tissues. A major gap in our knowledge relates to the immunobiology of these cells. Lessons from transplantation medicine are only partially applicable, because solid organs are more complex and likely more immunogenic than defined cell populations. How does the immune... more »

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23 net votes
45 up votes
22 down votes
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(@ahenn0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Making It Real: Affordable Physiologically Relevant In Vitro Environments

We have done the best we can to mimic the human internal environment in vitro for the discovery, testing, and validation of therapeutics, but there is a critical need to do better. The use of more complex cell-based in vitro models is the result of the recognition of how little predictive power there is in current experimental conditions, even with animal models. With an in vitro environment that goes beyond temperature... more »

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-4 net votes
10 up votes
14 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Human normal variation and resilience across lifespan

What is the measureable normal human variation at the -omic, cellular, organ, and system levels within the population and across the lifespan? • What are the range of normal human cellular functions that create resilience at all levels—cells, organs, organ systems? • What inter-organ, tissue, and cellular communications maintain individual health and the health of populations? • How do we understand why individuals with... more »

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19 net votes
26 up votes
7 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Stem Cell Biology

There is a need to develop “designer platelets” and “designer red cells,” as well as facilitate large-scale production of these products for therapeutic and diagnostic use.

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25 net votes
53 up votes
28 down votes
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(@skrenrich)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Human Lung Progenitor Cells, Lung Epithelial Differentiated iPSCs, and Therapeutics

What are the biological properties and key surface markers of human lung progenitor cells and lung epithelial differentiated iPSCs? How can these cell populations be targeted for therapeutic purposes, including regenerative therapy?

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2 net votes
6 up votes
4 down votes
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(@jalees)

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Regenerative Medicine 2.0 in Heart and Lung Research - Back to the Drawing Board

Stem cell therapies have been quite successful in hematologic disease but the outcomes of clinical studies using stem cells for cardiopulmonary disease have been rather modest. Explanations for this discrepancy such as the fact that our blood has a high rate of physiologic, endogenous turnover and regeneration whereas these processes occur at far lower rates in the heart and lung. Furthermore, hematopoietic stem cells... more »

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7 net votes
11 up votes
4 down votes
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