(@rosemarie.robertson)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Investigating Co-Morbidities in Women's Cardiovascular Health

There are important questions related to the cardiovascular health of women, and particularly to diagnostic and therapeutic challenges arising from the common existence of co-morbid conditions. The latter consideration, as well as the limitations of the budgets of individual institutes and centers at the NIH, suggest that it may be reasonable for the NHLBI to consider cross-NIH collaborations with I/Cs that have related... more »

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(@pajohnson)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Decreasing risk for cardiometabolic disorders in pregnancy with a focus on preeclampsia

The prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders of pregnancy are increasing rapidly in women in the United States, particularly in black women. These disorders have a significant impact on the development of CVD in women as they age and on their offspring. The science to answer these questions are both mechanistic(understanding underlying mecanism of disease, esp preeclampsia) and behavioral. New methods of gathering... more »

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(@andra.james)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Mechanisms of Uterine Hemostasis

What are the mechanisms of uterine hemostasis? Endogenous mechanisms of uterine hemostasis protect women from the bleeding challenges of miscarriage, childbirth, and menstruation. Dysregulation of these mechanisms has implications for the critical public health problems of hormonally-induced venous thromboembolism and hormonally-induced arterial thromboembolism (myocardial infarction and stroke). Our current understanding... more »

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(@pajohnson)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

The Mechanisms Underlying the Connection Between Depression and CVD in women

There are compelling data regarding the sex-dependent intersection of depression and cardiovascular disease (both IHD and stroke). There are early data suggesting the underlying mechanisms. CVD is the number one cause of death in women and depression is the number one cause of disability with women 70% more likely to experience depression over their lives. The underlying sex-dependent mechanism is important to elucidate.... more »

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(@scampbell)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

10. What biological variables are most influential in the development and clinical outcomes of heart disease and what can be don

Given that approximately 64 percent of women who died suddenly of CHD had no previous symptoms4 and that traditional risk factors and scores underestimate CHD risk in women, there is a need to identify unique markers for women at risk for CHD60.

 

( from 10 Report)

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(@harmony.reynolds)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Improving understanding of heart attack mechanisms in women and targeting of treatment

There remain many differences between women and men in the risk of myocardial infarction (MI or “heart attack”), manifestations of MI and outcomes after MI. The time in which the facts about differences between the sexes were unknown or ignored has passed. However, there are many basic answers women and their physicians need, such as: a) Why are younger women with MI at such high risk of death as compared to their male... more »

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(@viola.vaccarino)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Identify Pathways of Risk Linking Psychosocial Stress to Ischemic Heart Disease in Women

Women differ from men in their manifestations of ischemic heart disease (IHD). They also differ from men with respect to prevalence of psychosocial factors and vulnerability to specific mental disorders. Young women, in particular, appear to be highly susceptible to the adverse cardiovascular effects of psychosocial stress. Those who already have clinical manifestations of IHD display high psychosocial burden which could... more »

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(@pajohnson)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

The importance of cosidering sex and gender in presicion medicine

Precision medicine will be invested in across NIH, as per the President's "Precision Medicine Initiative". It is critical that the population base be reflective of the US population, including 50% women. Gender, especially as it relates to exposures, must be a dominant consideration, as these factors are critical to the development of human disease and therefore will be important to prevention.

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(@hjoffe)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Research priorities: Sleep disorders in women

Women are more likely to have insomnia and they develop the condition at an earlier age than men. Hormone changes and menopause are two key factors but little is known about the mechanisms, which will inform the treatment. This is an understudied area of scientific focus with vast potential public health impact.

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