Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@mmarques)

The role of Extracorporeal Photopheresis (ECP) in the prevention and treatment of rejection of heart and lung transplants

According to the ISHLT, more than 4,000 patients undergo a heart transplant each year, and almost 4,000 receive single or double lung transplants. Their prognosis depends heavily on the avoidance of rejection, which claims the majority of their lives. For heart transplant recipients, the median survival is 11 years, while for lung transplant recipients, it is approximately 5 years. The current most common anti-rejection ...more »

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80 net votes
102 up votes
22 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@michaelg)

Increasing Regenerative Medical Strategies in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex, progressive condition characterized by high blood pressure in the lungs and restriction of flow through the pulmonary arterial system. Current PAH therapies mainly act of the vasoconstrictive component of the disease; however there is a widely accepted view that another contributor to the disease is an abnormal overgrowth of cells that line the pulmonary arteries, which ...more »

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71 net votes
81 up votes
10 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@giralts)

What are the mechanisms of lung injury after HCT

Despite major advances in supportive care and tissue typing non relapse mortality rates for adults undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation are still between 15-20 % at 2 years. Lung injury and respiratory failure is a major causes of death after HCT. Although the BMT-CTN has a focused agenda on GVHD, reduction of lung toxicities will be important to improve outcomes. NHLBI should encourage researched from the ...more »

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59 net votes
88 up votes
29 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Role of the lymphatic system in heart, lung, blood, sleep health and diseases

What is the role of lymphatic system in normal function of the heart? Do dysfunctional lymphatics contribute to heart failure? Do lymphatics have a role in recovery after MI? It has been reported that lymphatic vasculature transport HDL during reverse cholesterol transfer. Do lymphatics have a role in atherosclerosis? What is the contribution of lymphatic system to asthma or COPD? Does the lymphatic system contribute ...more »

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50 net votes
77 up votes
27 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Submitted by (@jimandmarynelson)

Funding of Stem Cell/Lung Regeneration Research

How to "cure" a chronic, incurable disease - A potential giant step in saving the lives of many thousands of Americans, and potentially millions worldwide, who are afflicted with COPD, the third leading cause of death in the U.S. The financial effect of COPD in the United States alone is well over $50 billion per year. It is estimated that some 30 million Americans have COPD, which of course means that at least that ...more »

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25 net votes
32 up votes
7 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Exercise effects on cellular level

What cellular and/or intracellular signaling events are activated in response to acute or chronic physical activity that lead to or explain improvements in health outcomes, prevention, or treatment of lung diseases?

Which metabolic signatures induced by exercise/physical activity would be predictive/ associated with poor lung disease prognosis?

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18 net votes
32 up votes
14 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Submitted by (@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Research Opportunities in HLB to Facilitate Aging in Place

There is a need for greater evidence-based research over the next 5-10 years to reduce healthcare costs, reduce hospitalizations, and support older persons with significant heart, lung, blood, sleep conditions to remain in their private homes if feasible, if technology is utilized that fosters clinical and epidemiologic research.

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17 net votes
35 up votes
18 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Submitted by (@chenx106)

Impact of lung remodeling on congestive heart failure progression

End stage congestive heart failure (CHF) causes intensive lung remodeling beyond the type-2 pulmonary hypertension. CHF induced lung remodeling includes profound lung fibrosis, lung vascular remodeling and lung inflammation. Understanding CHF-induced lung remodeling is also critical to understand the right ventricular failure. However, this area is largely unstudied. Regulating CHF-induced lung remodeling and the underlying ...more »

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13 net votes
15 up votes
2 down votes
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