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Chronic stress is a risk factor for obesity, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and stroke. Glucocorticoid hormones are elevated chronically in stressed conditions and are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Despite strong evidence for this, non-pharmacologic therapies to reduce stress are not currently part of standard care for the prevention or treatment of metabolic ...more »
Abnormal placental function, characterized by retarded nutrient and oxygen exchange, and abnormal hormone and angiogenic growth factor production, is linked to a number of diseases that have a strong impact on maternal and fetal health. Perhaps of highest impact is pre-eclampsia, a disease affecting 5-8% of pregnant women worldwide. Moreover, issues related to a suboptimal intrauterine environment leading to growth ...more »
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for both men and women worldwide. It has been established that post-menopausal women have decreased protection from ASCVD relative to premenopausal women and men. However, the hormonal basis of protection (or lack thereof) is not clear.