Showing 54 ideas for tag "cardiac"
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Arrhythmia Therapies Based on Understanding Mechanisms

There is a need to translate these new insights of genetic, molecular, cellular, and tissue arrhythmia mechanisms into the development of novel, safe, and new therapeutic interventions for the treatment and prevention of cardiac arrhythmias.

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51 net votes
86 up votes
35 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Understanding Cardiothoracic Surgery in Elderly Populations

There is a vital need for evidence-based clinical evaluation tools to assess operative risk and post-operative recovery in the elderly, including biomarkers of physiologic age and a simple/reliable clinical evaluation scheme to determine frailty as a risk factor for poor surgical outcomes.

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39 net votes
56 up votes
17 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Improving Representation of the Elderly in Clinical Research

There is a need to optimize long-term cognitive and functional outcomes in the aging population during and after cardiothorasic surgery, including the development of simple, objective tools to enable risk stratification for vulnerability to neurocognitive deficit. First, cardiothoracic surgical trials and clinical studies should be more "age-representative" and reflect the increasing proportion of the aging population.... more »

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24 net votes
37 up votes
13 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Neurocardiology – A Challenge for Prevention of CV Disease

There is a need to recognize and study the interdependencies between the brain/peripheral nervous system and the heart/vascular systems in health and disease to develop interventions to detect, treat, and prevent cardiovascular disease.

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23 net votes
35 up votes
12 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

How should platelet (PLT) transfusions be used to treat active bleeding?

Multiple randomized controlled trials have been performed to evaluate the use of prophylactic PLT transfusions in non-bleeding, thrombocytopenic hematology-oncology patients. However no high-quality data exist to guide PLT transfusions in actively bleeding patients inclduing pediatric and adult medical and surgical patients. After hematology-oncology patients, cardiac surgery patients are the next largest group of PLT... more »

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30 net votes
44 up votes
14 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Paracrine Signaling in the Heart

We need to improve the understanding of the molecular and physiological bases of paracrine signaling of heart, and use the knowledge gained to develop improved, effective approaches to diagnose, treat, and prevent cardiac disorders.

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13 net votes
27 up votes
14 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Fundamental stress-response mechanisms in the heart.

What are the primary molecules and cellular signals associated with prolonged hypertensive stress that cause adverse myocardial tissue remodeling, and what strategies that prevent or reverse adverse remodeling can be developed and tested?

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14 net votes
21 up votes
7 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

What is the optimal way to improve cardiac arrest resuscitation?

Sudden Death from cardiac arrest and gaps in knowledge of emergency cardiovascular care are the #1 killer of more than 400,000 Americans each year. This epidemic of death and disability is largely ignored and underfunded by NIH and all funding agencies and kills more than HIV, Cancer, Diabetes, and infectious diseases. There is no national registry of cardiac arrest, no mandatory reporting, and poor funding for both fundamental,... more »

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19 net votes
37 up votes
18 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Fibrosis Across Organs: Bringing Together Investigators of Fibrosis of the Heart, Lungs and Bone Marrow

Fibrosis can affect essentially any tissue or organ, including the heart, lungs and bone marrow. Effective anti-fibrotic therapy has long been elusive, and transplantation has been the only therapy capable of restoring patient function as fibrotic diseases progress to organ failure. Although these diseases present clinically with organ-specific manifestations, they are now thought to share many common pathogenetic mechanisms.... more »

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16 net votes
20 up votes
4 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

A Systems Approach - Human Cardiac Electromechanical Activity

The challenge is to identify limitations in using data from non-human animal species for elucidation of human electromechanical function/activity and to identify what specific information and computational approaches need to be incorporated. To aid in achieving such a goal, it might be useful to convene a series of workshops to build consensus and improve communication among investigators working at the same horizontal... more »

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7 net votes
20 up votes
13 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Develop an Effective and Functional Biological Pacemaker

There is a need to develop a biological pacemaker for pediatric patients that would react to neurohumoral factors that normally modulate heart function, as well as adapt to the growing heart.

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8 net votes
23 up votes
15 down votes
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