Showing 19 ideas for tag "models"

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Neglect of Valuable Heart Health Data

Routine bypass surgery generates left ventricle pressure and volumetric flow data which can be modeled by estimated parameters capable of determining a heart health index. This capability is also available online for the surgeon's

guidance and is applicable to any heart chamber.

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? Critical Challenge (CC)

Details on the impact of addressing this CQ or CC

A comprehensive heart health state would be established

Feasibility and challenges of addressing this CQ or CC

The theory has been proven multiple times, intellectual and political inertia are the roadblocks.

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea William ONeill, Jeffery Shuhiaber

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4 up votes
10 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Funding for synthesis and screening of potentially therapeutic molecules

Currently, there are limited, if none, funding resources to synthesize and screen potentially therapeutic molecules, based on supportive findings in cells, biopsy tissues from the patients with the disease in question, and the preliminary data to support the development of a series of compounds to screen them for their pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, toxicity and use in clinically-relevant large animal models.

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? Compelling Question (CQ)

Details on the impact of addressing this CQ or CC

Although NHLBI-NIH and other institutes emphasize on mechanistic approach, to my knowledge, translation of the findings into the development of novel molecules is rarely pursued in a multi-disciplinary manner. this could have a significant impact on developing better therapeutic and/or management approaches of various diseases.

Feasibility and challenges of addressing this CQ or CC

In the past, NIH has come up with many RFAs related to this issue. However, one of the major challenges has been the screening of the compounds in a model relevant to human disease. For example, in cardiovascular diseases, about 99% studies are done in mouse models. From genetic studies point of view, this is acceptable, even though now large animals are used for knock-in and knock out gene studies. However, from the screening point of view, an emphasis must be placed on clinically-relevant model, for example, swine, where most of the findings, if not all, could translated to human disease.

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea Devendra K. Agrawal, PhD

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5 up votes
11 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Develop relevant large animal models for various disease conditions

What is the possibility of investing funds primarily in clinically-relevant models where the findings could be translated in to human diseases?

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? Critical Challenge (CC)

Details on the impact of addressing this CQ or CC

Strong emphasis on the use of a clinically-relevant large animal model would hopefully be more productive in developing better therapeutic approaches and management of patients.

Feasibility and challenges of addressing this CQ or CC

In view of the lack of facility at many institutions and the cost involved, and the rules and regulations by the USDA and other regularity bodies, special emphasis will be required to build the animal facility at an institution. Where will the funds come from? Similar to many other core facilities set up by the NIH at various institutions, what is the possibility of developing specialized centers for testing a new idea in a clinically-relevant large animal facility?

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea Devendra K. Agrawal, PhD

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11 up votes
16 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Promoting the Development of Animal and Cellular Model Systems

NHLBI might consider creating incentives for the development of core labs and national facilities to promote development of animal and cellular model systems that mimic lung injury, repair, and regeneration.

Is this idea a Compelling Question (CQ) or Critical Challenge (CC)? Critical Challenge (CC)

Name of idea submitter and other team members who worked on this idea Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

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3 up votes
4 down votes
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