Showing 155 ideas for tag "disease"
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Prevention of rheumatic heart disease

Global health system outcomes studies are needed to identify impediments to successful primary and secondary prevention of rheumatic heart disease.

Other approaches, such as development of a vaccine for group A streptococcus and delaying disease progression once valve damage is present, could also be explored.

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-10 net votes
7 up votes
17 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Randomized trial of low carbohydrate high fat dietary pattern

There is a need for a large, simple, hard outcome trial of dietary advice to measure the effects of lowering simple carbohydrates versus lowering unhealthy fats. The main challenge will be to overcome bias favoring the more conventional dietary approach.

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-17 net votes
5 up votes
22 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Cardiac rehabilitation in congenital heart disease

Does cardiac rehabilitation in children with Fontan physiology increase exercise capacity over the long term?

What are the benefits? What is the appropriate dose? What other CHD populations may benefit from cardiac rehabilitation?

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-3 net votes
10 up votes
13 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

The CRISPER-Cas challenge: Need to re-phenotype KO animals?

Because traditional knock out models and CRISP/Cas models often show different phenotypes for the same gene deletion, do we need to re-phenotype hundreds/thousands of knock out animal models and revisit the conclusions of many studies based on using these animal models? This research may not appear very innovative but may be very important for drawing correct conclusions about gene functions and interactions - should... more »

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-16 net votes
10 up votes
26 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Obesity in special needs populations: Congenital heart disease

What are effective prevention and treatment strategies for populations with special needs, such as those with congenital heart disease, Down syndrome and preterm-born, to maintain a healthy weight?

Are there successful strategies derived from "normal" populations that could be effectively applied to these populations?

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-24 net votes
12 up votes
36 down votes
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Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Risk-benefit of oral hypoglycemic medication in type 2 diabetes

Is an increase in macrovascular endpoints outweighed by the benefit in microvascular end points in new oral type 2 diabetes drugs?

 

It would go against the current regulatory paradigm in type 2 diabetes. Although drug companies do not like the current paradigm, they would prefer to go back to the pre-rosiglitazone state of affairs, in which new drugs had only to prove that they lowered blood glucose and HbA1c.

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-7 net votes
9 up votes
16 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Scientific priorities for HIV-related cardiovascular research

Millions of virally suppressed patients with HIV/AIDS survive to older ages and will become increasingly vulnerable to inflammation-associated cardiovascular disease. The critical challenge is to determine whether age-driven cardiovascular declines that occur HIV-infected people are exacerbated by the persistent systemic inflammatory drive that occurs in virally suppressed patients. Studies that document cardiovascular... more »

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-28 net votes
12 up votes
40 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Exploring Future Cardiovascular Medicine: Heart Precursors Directed from Human Embryonic Stem Cells for Myocardium Regeneration

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major health problem and the leading cause of death in the Western world. Currently, there is no treatment option or compound drug of molecular entity that can change the prognosis of CVD.

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-19 net votes
9 up votes
28 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Deriving Cardiac Elements from Pluripotent Human embryonic Stem Cells for Heart Reconstitution

to date, the existing markets lack a clinically-suitable human cardiomyocyte source with adequate myocardium regenerative potential, which has been the major setback in developing safe and effective cell-based therapies for regenerating the damaged human heart in cardiovascular disease.

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-33 net votes
10 up votes
43 down votes
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Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Current State of Regenerative Medicine: Moving Stem Cell Research from Animals into Humans for Clinical Trials

Realizing the developmental and therapeutic potential of pluripotent human embryonic stem cell (hESC) derivatives has been hindered by the inefficiency and instability of generating clinically-relevant functional cells from pluripotent cells through conventional uncontrollable and incomplete multi-lineage differentiation.

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-21 net votes
13 up votes
34 down votes
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