Showing 59 ideas for tag "sleep"
(@jnoel0)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

ROLE OF HEALTH DISPARITIES IN SLEEP AND CIRCADIAN HEALTH—ENVIRONMENT

Self-report data indicate that insufficient sleep is more common in minority populations. This seems to be related to socioeconomic status. There is a need to move this beyond self-report and obtain objective measures in the relevant populations. Moreover, the basis of this difference needs to be established. What aspect of the environment leads to these differences, e.g., noise, stress related to sense of vulnerability,... more »

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122 net votes
173 up votes
51 down votes
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(@peter0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Elucidate the different causes of circadian disorders, and tailor the treatment to the cause

There are several possible physiological causes of Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders (CRSWDs), including lack of sensitivity to light, over-sensitivity to light, deficiencies in the ipRGC cells of the retina, lack of melatonin production, long elimination time of melatonin, long intrinsic circadian period, differences in timing of sleep relative to internal circadian rhythms, differences in tolerance to phase mismatch,... more »

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47 net votes
58 up votes
11 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Role of the lymphatic system in heart, lung, blood, sleep health and diseases

What is the role of lymphatic system in normal function of the heart? Do dysfunctional lymphatics contribute to heart failure? Do lymphatics have a role in recovery after MI? It has been reported that lymphatic vasculature transport HDL during reverse cholesterol transfer. Do lymphatics have a role in atherosclerosis? What is the contribution of lymphatic system to asthma or COPD? Does the lymphatic system contribute... more »

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50 net votes
77 up votes
27 down votes
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(@jnoel0)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

INVESTIGATE DIFFERENTIAL VULNERABILITY TO SLEEP DEFICIENCY AND CIRCADIAN DISRUPTION

Studies in different subjects have shown that there are major individual differences in response to sleep loss and circadian disruption. Twin studies have shown that this is heritable. There needs to be an intensive effort to assess basis of these individual differences. This could include in-depth phenotyping studies, e.g., neuroimaging, genetic studies, “-omic” studies, epigenetic changes, etc.

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155 net votes
213 up votes
58 down votes
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(@lesliesmyth)

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Missing upper teeth & sleep apnea treatment: Problems?

I am a 73 year old female with Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, Complex Sleep Neap, using oxygen @ 4-5 L/min 24/7 who just had my upper teeth extracted. I notice this has a negative effect, or appears to, on the effectiveness of apnea treatment. I wake several times during the night with lips flapping! This did not happen before the extraction. Because there are still some lower teeth, I am unable to close my mouth... more »

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-42 net votes
5 up votes
47 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Sleep Apnea

The general area is that of preoperative risk management of sleep apnea patients undergoing major surgery. This field is burgeoning with clinical activity. A large amount of healthcare dollars are expended annually in order to detect sleep apnea and offer therapy that is of unproven value. Most all of the data is retrospective case series or a mixture of retrospective and prospective cohort studies. Yet, across the country,... more »

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1 net vote
1 up votes
0 down votes
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(@csaper)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the biological consequences of sleep loss or disruption and how can they best be avoided?

Arousals in obstructive sleep apena (OSA) are life saving, but the associated disruption of sleep is now thought to cause cognitive impairment, increased risk of high blood pressure and atherosclerosis, as well as glucose intolerance and metabolic syndrome. The mechanisms for these downstream effects, however, are not well understood. Can these specific pathophysiological mechanisms be identified, and can ways for mitigating... more »

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96 net votes
125 up votes
29 down votes
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(@jnoel0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

DEVELOPMENT OF A PERSONALIZED APPROACH TO SLEEP AND CIRCADIAN DISORDERS

There is developing evidence of major individual differences in pathways to different common sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea. Moreover, there is evidence of different clinical presentations of disease and different outcomes. For example, some subjects with obstructive sleep apnea who get excessive sleepiness while others do not. The latter are still at risk for other consequences of the disorder such... more »

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167 net votes
220 up votes
53 down votes
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