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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Understanding Individual Differences in Responses to Sleep Loss

Individuals differ substantially in their physiological, health, behavioral and cognitive responses to sleep loss. Although these differences represent a trait, individuals who are vulnerable in one domain may be resilient in another - few systematic relationships between physiological, long-term health, cognitive and subjective responses to sleep loss have been found. Moreover, within a given domain, vulnerability to... more »

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171 up votes
47 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Evaluation of large-scale regulatory efforts in the US and elsewhere

A number of cities(e.g Berkeley), states and countries (e.g Mexico's SSB tax, Chiles SSB and soon marketing controls and food package front of package label) will go into effect. Rigorous evaluations of the efforts will provide some sense of their potential to effect food purchase and dietary pattern and ultimately cardiometaboiic changes. Serious rigorous independent evaluations are needed to learn if these options--pushed... more »

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22 net votes
42 up votes
20 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Host and environmental factors effect on transplantation biology and regenerative medicine

How does inflammation and cell injury induce the immune system during transplant rejection? How do we control immune responses to enable cell- and tissue-regenerative strategies?
• How does inflammation and cell injury induce the immune system during transplant rejection?
• How do we control immune responses to enable cell and tissue regenerative strategies?
• How do we use iPS cell based and gene editing based therapies... more »

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34 net votes
48 up votes
14 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

The Human Virome and Host Interactions in Heart, Lung, and Blood

What are the unknown elements of the human virome, and what host-virome interactions affect the heart, lung, and blood health and diseases?

A major challenge has been the need for in vitro culture systems and animal models for studying the virome, which is a significant limitation that has forced current studies of the virome to be mostly descriptive. NHLBI has supported one research group to identify human virome and... more »

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29 up votes
16 down votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Glycans are critical for mammalian biology at a fundamental level

There is a pervasive view of glycobiology as a niche field that does not warrant significant attention. This is borne out of a profound ignorance. It is not an exaggeration to state that carbohydrates are just as important as proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids. Dismissing the impact of glycans is like stating that proteins are not very important to biology, and their importance is seen in the lethality of many mutations... more »

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3 net votes
3 up votes
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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Environmental stimuli and the lung: predictors of homeostatic or pathological responses

What are the molecular and cellular responses in the lung that occur after environmental stimuli that predict homeostatic resilience or transition to disease, disorder, or aging?

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Cardiac Engineering – Deciphering the Cardiome

To maintain cardiac health and prevent disease, there is a need to decipher the cardiome of cells and genes and use this knowledge (1) to better understand cardiac structure and function and (2) to engineer systems on the level of organs, organ systems, and the entire individual.

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Hypothermia and hemostasis after severe trauma

There is a need to employ new molecular tools to delineate the difference between beneficial and uncontrolled shock-induced hypothermia, because data on hypothermia and hemostasis are incomplete or lacking, especially on the duration, depth and type of hypothermia.

 

availability of targeted resource grant funding

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Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Would unconditional basic income improve people's health & ease poverty better than conventional welfare programs?

Here's an article on the "Mincome" program which Canada tested in the 1970's in a small town:

http://www.dominionpaper.ca/articles/4100

It had many positive effects on people's lives and health.

Quotes:

'In the period that Mincome was administered, hospital visits dropped 8.5 per cent.'

[...]

'“When you walk around a hospital, it's pretty clear that a lot of the time what we're treating are the consequences of poverty,”... more »

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