Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

To extend our knowledge of the pathobiology of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders and enable clinical investigations that advance the prediction, prevention, preemption, treatment, and cures of human disease.
(@lekurlandsky)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Can transcutaneous carboxyhemoglobin measure endogenous heme oxygenase activity?

Non-invasive measurement of transcutaneous carboxyhemoglobin (SpCO) by CO-oximetry has been shown to reflect disease activity in asthma, allergic rhinitis, Staphylococcal pneumonia/sepsis and to correlate positively with lung function in cystic fibrosis. Given published studies of heme oxygenase activity in these diseases as a reflection of oxidant or inflammatory activity, does measurement of SpCO reflect endogenous... more »

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-24 net votes
1 up votes
25 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator1)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Impact of intrauterine environment on obesity

How does maternal obesity before or during pregnancy affect the intrauterine environment and increase the risk of overweight/obesity in the offspring?

How does maternal dietary intake during pregnancy impact weight in the offspring?

What types of interventions are most effective for preventing excessive gestational weight gain among high risk groups?

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33 net votes
66 up votes
33 down votes
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(@bcelli)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

COPD and co-morbidities

Society is ageing and chronic degenerative diseases including COPD are increasingly occurring together.
The critical question is whether certain diseases occur together by chance or are they occurring together because they share pathobiological commonalities and mechanisms? This leads to a series of practical consequences and questions
1. Which diseases are occurring concurrent with COPD more than chance alone would... more »

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20 net votes
22 up votes
2 down votes
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(@ceci00)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Understanding Glymphatic Pathways and Waste Clearance abnormalities in brain disease

Cerbrospinal fluid flow and waste clearance through glyphatic pathways are likely to be important in numerous brain diseases including such devastating diseases such as alzheimer's , parkinson's, stroke and migraine. However, relatively little is known about the brain's waste clearance mechanisms, and how failure in these systems may underlie brain disease. Build up of proteins and calcification have been shown to... more »

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3 net votes
3 up votes
0 down votes
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(@dpinsky)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Can one integrate cardiac imaging studies with genetic,clinical, "omics", and historical data to predict disease and personalize

There are many novel imaging modalities, including radiographic, scintigraphic, sonographic, MR-based, and molecular for the heart and vessels. Patients have unique medical "signatures"- genetic risk factor profiles, epigenetic markings, "omics" profiles, and personal clinical and family history as well as symptom constellation and physical exam findings. Can these all be integrated into a single personalized profile... more »

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1 net vote
2 up votes
1 down votes
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(@ronald.d.scott)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Optimizing Cardiovasular (CV) Prevention Medicine Use

Heart attacks and strokes cause substantial morbidity and mortality, while implementation of cholesterol and other CV prevention guidelines remain low. Proposed NCQA on-statin in the last year among those with DM was 46% in national field testing, and about 75% in Kaiser Permanente (KP). KP has had some success overcoming barriers to statin, aspirin, and blood pressure medicine adherence. If the nation as a whole is... more »

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-11 net votes
3 up votes
14 down votes
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(@murry0)

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Stem Cell Immunology

We now can create critical cell types like cardiomyocytes etc. from stem cells. Additionally, we are learning the rules of using these cells to rebuild tissues. A major gap in our knowledge relates to the immunobiology of these cells. Lessons from transplantation medicine are only partially applicable, because solid organs are more complex and likely more immunogenic than defined cell populations.

How does the immune... more »

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23 net votes
45 up votes
22 down votes
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