Showing 85 ideas for tag "heart"
(@mmarques) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

The role of Extracorporeal Photopheresis (ECP) in the prevention and treatment of rejection of heart and lung transplants

According to the ISHLT, more than 4,000 patients undergo a heart transplant each year, and almost 4,000 receive single or double lung transplants. Their prognosis depends heavily on the avoidance of rejection, which claims the majority of their lives. For heart transplant recipients, the median survival is 11 years, while for lung transplant recipients, it is approximately 5 years. The current most common anti-rejection... more »

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80 net votes
102 up votes
22 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Management strategies for severe, asymptomatic aortic stenosis

What is the optimal management approach to severe asymptomatic calcific aortic stenosis (surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) or deferred surgical AVR until development of symptoms (watchful waiting))?

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6 net votes
14 up votes
8 down votes
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(@paulbrookes) kudos icon +

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Adult Cardiomyocytes in Culture

So much basic cardiovascular discovery relies on cell culture models. While cardiac cell lines exist (e.g. HL-1, H9c2), these often poorly model aspects of cardiomyocyte function in-situ (e.g. contractile function, metabolism). In contrast, primary cardiomyocytes isolated from adult animals (especially mice!) are not readily amenable to culture conditions. Even if cells can be kept alive, they are often refractory to... more »

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-25 net votes
12 up votes
37 down votes
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(@kullerl) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What are the Determinants of Short Term Prediction of Heart Attacks?

In spite of many years of research, we still cannot predict the short term risk of a heart attack or sudden CHD death. Most CHD deaths occur outside of the hospital. In spite of improvement of out-of-hospital emergency care, most “sudden death events” are still not successfully resuscitated.

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-12 net votes
7 up votes
19 down votes
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(@dkass0) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Heart Failure Therapies

We need much more support for critical basic research to understand and develop transformative therapies for this enormous health care burden. This is not simply a question of epidemiology and large multicenter population data bases. We really need hard core science. It is impossible to know where the next breakthrough will come, and setting aside funds for hot button things - stem cells, or iPS, or gene editing per... more »

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6 net votes
18 up votes
12 down votes
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(@dstephens) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Promotion of human health and reduction of human disease

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and leading cause of defect-related infant mortality. With nearly 1 in 100 babies born annually with CHD, the needs of children and adults born with CHD are ongoing and costly. More focused research into CHD promotes human health and will result in a better quality of life, reduced premature death and lower healthcare costs.

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1 up votes
1 down votes
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(@xuejunparsons) kudos icon +

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Current State of Regenerative Medicine: Moving Stem Cell Research from Animals into Humans for Clinical Trials

Realizing the developmental and therapeutic potential of pluripotent human embryonic stem cell (hESC) derivatives has been hindered by the inefficiency and instability of generating clinically-relevant functional cells from pluripotent cells through conventional uncontrollable and incomplete multi-lineage differentiation.

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-21 net votes
13 up votes
34 down votes
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(@ctong0) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Regeneration of Failing Heart while Resting on Left Ventricular Assist Device

Heart transplant is the ultimate treatment for AHA stage-D heart failure. Due to availability, heart transplants will be limited to about 2,500 per year. Patients with AHA stage-D heart failure has estimated prevalence of 0.2% for age >45. Thus, patients in need far exceed organs available. A failed heart has very challenging environment for cellular therapy. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) can offload the heart... more »

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-4 net votes
3 up votes
7 down votes
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(@xuejunparsons) kudos icon +

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

The Designation of Human Cardiac Stem Cell therapy Products for Human Trials or First-in-Human Studies

For successful pharmaceutical development of cardiac stem cell therapy, the human cardiac stem cell therapy product must meet certain commercial criteria in plasticity, specificity, and stability before entry into clinical trials.

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-14 net votes
12 up votes
26 down votes
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(@sripal.bangalore) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What is the optimal management of coronary artery disease in patients with chronic kidney disease

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an extremely high risk of death from cardiovascular cause. The prognosis of patients with chronic kidney disease who also have coronary artery disease is worse than certain cancer. While great strides have been made to create awareness about breast cancer, there is paucity of knowledge about the cardiovascular risk of CKD patients among both physicians and patients. Moreover,... more »

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0 net votes
9 up votes
9 down votes
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(@freedlak) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Treatment of Major Depression in Patients with Heart Failure

Major depression (MD) is common in patients with heart failure, and it is an independent risk marker for functional decline, hospitalization, and mortality. Two large trials have shown that it can be difficult to treat. SADHART-CHF, a double-blind, placebo-controlled RCT (n=469), found that sertraline was not efficacious for MD in HF. MOOD-HF (n=372) showed that escitalopram was not efficacious. Smaller trials of cognitive-behavioral... more »

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8 net votes
27 up votes
19 down votes
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