Showing 85 ideas for tag "heart"
(@lvanhorn) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

What is the role of diet and nutrition in treatment, management and prevention of Heart Failure?

Heart Failure (HF) remains a major public health burden. A working group was convened by NHLBI and ODS in June, 2013 to address the role of diet and nutrition in management of HF. A review of existing evidence produced no clear rationale for appropriate dietary interventions. On the contrary, the group developed recommendations for conducting additional research specifically on the role of sodium, fluid, nutrients, and... more »

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(@dstephens) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Promotion of human health and reduction of human disease

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and leading cause of defect-related infant mortality. With nearly 1 in 100 babies born annually with CHD, the needs of children and adults born with CHD are ongoing and costly. More focused research into CHD promotes human health and will result in a better quality of life, reduced premature death and lower healthcare costs.

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(@shoemajd) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

PUFA Toxicity

Our diets contain 20 times more omega-6 fatty acids than the diets of humans before agriculture, industrial solvent extraction of seed oils and hydrogenation. These acids including linoleic and arachidonic acids are precursors to eicosanoids that mediate inflammation and blood clotting and the amount in our diet has been shown to correlate with negative health outcomes. Should NHLBI fund more research into the effects... more »

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(@yuri.astrakhan) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

How to organize artificial pulsatile propelling of blood maintaining the balanced circulation?

Venous pressure, being very low, distends (deforms) the ventricle - but due to elastic or viscous law of deformation? Elastic deformation depends on stress (pressure) only and the viscous one - on stress and time. When pressures are low you can't get large distention due to stress only (time-independent) unlike the case when you apply low stress and long time interval. If we want to use venous pressure as one of regulators... more »

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(@rosemarie.robertson) kudos icon +

Goal 1: Promote Human Health

Investigating Co-Morbidities in Women's Cardiovascular Health

There are important questions related to the cardiovascular health of women, and particularly to diagnostic and therapeutic challenges arising from the common existence of co-morbid conditions. The latter consideration, as well as the limitations of the budgets of individual institutes and centers at the NIH, suggest that it may be reasonable for the NHLBI to consider cross-NIH collaborations with I/Cs that have related... more »

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(@ctong0) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Regeneration of Failing Heart while Resting on Left Ventricular Assist Device

Heart transplant is the ultimate treatment for AHA stage-D heart failure. Due to availability, heart transplants will be limited to about 2,500 per year. Patients with AHA stage-D heart failure has estimated prevalence of 0.2% for age >45. Thus, patients in need far exceed organs available. A failed heart has very challenging environment for cellular therapy. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) can offload the heart... more »

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3 up votes
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(@tsansone) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Critical Challenge

• One of the most important public health issues the Nation faces is the rising incidence of heart failure. HF incidence rates have risen faster than predicted. The prevalence will increase as better and more therapy becomes available. While heart failure is the biggest ticket item in the Medicare budget, the cost to society will increase more than it has already. But much HF can be prevented or onset prolonged. Investing... more »

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(@murry0) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Stem Cell Immunology

We now can create critical cell types like cardiomyocytes etc. from stem cells. Additionally, we are learning the rules of using these cells to rebuild tissues. A major gap in our knowledge relates to the immunobiology of these cells. Lessons from transplantation medicine are only partially applicable, because solid organs are more complex and likely more immunogenic than defined cell populations.

How does the immune... more »

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45 up votes
22 down votes
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(@freedlak) kudos icon +

Goal 2: Reduce Human Disease

Treatment of Major Depression in Patients with Heart Failure

Major depression (MD) is common in patients with heart failure, and it is an independent risk marker for functional decline, hospitalization, and mortality. Two large trials have shown that it can be difficult to treat. SADHART-CHF, a double-blind, placebo-controlled RCT (n=469), found that sertraline was not efficacious for MD in HF. MOOD-HF (n=372) showed that escitalopram was not efficacious. Smaller trials of cognitive-behavioral... more »

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8 net votes
27 up votes
19 down votes
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(@nhlbiforumadministrator1) kudos icon +

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Technologies for Ex-Vivo Cardiac Repair

What is needed to develop the technologies that will allow reparative interventions to be performed on excised natural hearts that have been overhauled ex vivo and replanted?

 

This will involve keeping the myocardium alive and sterile for extended periods that are long enough to complete the interventions while being able to also perform the necessary reparative interventions.

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(@nhlbiforumadministrator) kudos icon +

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Leveraging big data for T4 translation research

What approaches can help leverage the emerging big data in health and health care for observational and interventional implementation research in heart, lung, blood, sleep diseases?

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(@xuejunparsons) kudos icon +

Goal 3: Advance Translational Research

Embedding the future of regenerative medicine into the open epigenomic landscape of pluripotent human embryonic stem cells

Large-scale profiling of developmental regulators and histone modifications by genome-wide approaches have provided powerful genome-wide, high-throughput, and high resolution techniques that lead to great advances in our understanding of the global phenomena of human developmental processes. However, without a practical strategy to convert pluripotent cells direct into a specific lineage, previous studies are limited... more »

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