What is the comparative effectiveness and cost effectiveness of counseling plus nicotine replacement vs. counseling plus bupropion vs. counseling plus varenicline on smoking cessation rates, patient-reported outcomes (symptom frequency, activities of daily living, quality of life, sleep quality, exacerbations), and COPD and non-COPD morbidity/mortality?
Can pulmonary rehabilitation change the course of COPD? Is pulmonary rehabilitation a disease-modifying therapy? Does pulmonary rehabilitation improve survival? Does pulmonary rehabilitation reduce readmissions?
Lung injury and respiratory failure is a major causes of death after HCT.
Although the BMT-CTN has a focused agenda on GVHD, reduction of lung toxicities will be important to improve outcomes.
NHLBI should encourage researched from the... more »
Identifying breast cancer survivors at high risk for CV morbidity and mortality to allow targeting of management strategies to reduce CV events and thereby improve overall cancer-related survival.
There remain very substantial unexplained international geographic variations in the incidence of CHD. Japan, for example, and some of the Mediterranean countries have CHD incidence rates for both men and women that are 1/3-1/4 of those in the United States.
Can cardiorespiratory fitness prior to hematopoietic cell transplantation be improved and will this limit morbidity and mortality following transplantation?
Which programs or program elements are most critical (the “active ingredients”) in improving quality of life, reducing hospitalizations, reducing emergency department visits, and increasing survival?